Modeling and multiscale characterization of the quantitative imaging based fibrosis index reveals pathophysiological, transcriptome and proteomic correlates of lung fibrosis induced by fractionated irradiation

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Zhou C, Moustafa MR, Cao L, Kriegsmann M, Winter M, Schwager C, Jones B, Wang S, Bäuerle T, Zhou PK, Schnölzer M, Weichert W, Debus J, Abdollahi A
Journal: International Journal of Cancer
Publication year: 2019
Volume: 144
Journal issue: 12
Pages range: 3160-3173
ISSN: 0020-7136


Abstract

Pulmonary fibrosis represents a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Therapy induced lung fibrosis constitutes a pivotal dose-limiting side effect of radiotherapy and other anticancer agents. We aimed to develop objective criteria for assessment of fibrosis and discover pathophysiological and molecular correlates of lung fibrosis as a function of fractionated whole thoracic irradiation. Dose–response series of fractionated irradiation was utilized to develop a non-invasive and quantitative measure for the degree of fibrosis – the fibrosis index (FI). The correlation of FI with histopathology, blood-gas, transcriptome and proteome responses of the lung tissue was analyzed. Macrophages infiltration and polarization was assessed by immunohistochemistry. Fibrosis development followed a slow kinetic with maximum lung fibrosis levels detected at 24-week post radiation insult. FI favorably correlated with radiation dose and surrogates of lung fibrosis i.e., enhanced pro-inflammatory response, tissue remodeling and extracellular matrix deposition. The loss of lung architecture correlated with decreased epithelial marker, loss of microvascular integrity with decreased endothelial and elevated mesenchymal markers. Lung fibrosis was further attributed to a switch of the inflammatory state toward a macrophage/T-helper cell type 2-like (M2/Th2) polarized phenotype. Together, the multiscale characterization of FI in radiation-induced lung fibrosis (RILF) model identified pathophysiological, transcriptional and proteomic correlates of fibrosis. Pathological immune response and endothelial/epithelial to mesenchymal transition were discovered as critical events governing lung tissue remodeling. FI will be instrumental for deciphering the molecular mechanisms governing lung fibrosis and discovery of novel targets for treatment of this devastating disease with an unmet medical need.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Bäuerle, Tobias Prof. Dr.
Professur für Multimodale Bildgebung in der präklinischen Forschung


External institutions with authors

Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum (DKFZ)
Institute of Radiation Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences
Medizinische Hochschule Hannover (MHH) / Hannover Medical School
National Center for Radiation Research in Oncology (NCRO)
Technische Universität München (TUM)
Universitätsklinikum Heidelberg
University of Oxford


How to cite

APA:
Zhou, C., Moustafa, M.R., Cao, L., Kriegsmann, M., Winter, M., Schwager, C.,... Abdollahi, A. (2019). Modeling and multiscale characterization of the quantitative imaging based fibrosis index reveals pathophysiological, transcriptome and proteomic correlates of lung fibrosis induced by fractionated irradiation. International Journal of Cancer, 144(12), 3160-3173. https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijc.32059

MLA:
Zhou, Cheng, et al. "Modeling and multiscale characterization of the quantitative imaging based fibrosis index reveals pathophysiological, transcriptome and proteomic correlates of lung fibrosis induced by fractionated irradiation." International Journal of Cancer 144.12 (2019): 3160-3173.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-23-05 at 12:08