Ultra-violet imaging of the night-time earth by EUSO-Balloon towards space-based ultra-high energy cosmic ray observations

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Abdellaoui G, Abe S, Adams JH, Ahriche A, Allard D, Allen L, Alonso G, Anchordoqui L, Anzalone A, Arai Y, Asano K, Attallah R, Attoui H, Ave Pernas M, Bacholle S, Bakiri M, Baragatti P, Barrillon P, Bartocci S, Bayer J, Beldjilali B, Belenguer T, Belkhalfa N, Bellotti R, Belov A, Belov K, Benmessai K, Bertaina M, Biermann PL, Biktemerova S, Bisconti F, Blanc N, Błȩcki J, Blin-Bondil S, Bobik P, Bogomilov M, Bozzo E, Briz S, Bruno A, Caballero KS, Cafagna F, Campana D, Capdevielle JN, Capel F, Caramete A, Caramete L, Carlson P, Caruso R, Casolino M, Cassardo C, Castellina A, Catalano C, Catalano O, Cellino A, Chikawa M, Chiritoi G, Christl MJ, Connaughton V, Conti L, Cordero G, Cotto G, Crawford HJ, Cremonini R, Csorna S, Cummings A, Dagoret-Campagne S, de Castro AJ, De Donato C, de la Taille C, De Santis C, del Peral L, Di Martino M, Diaz Damian A, Djemil T, Dutan I, Ebersoldt A, Ebisuzaki T, Engel R, Eser J, Fenu F, Fernández-González S, Ferrarese S, Flamini M, Fornaro C, Fouka M, Franceschi A, Franchini S, Fuglesang C, Fujii T, Fujimoto J, Fukushima M, Galeotti P, García-Ortega E, Garipov G, Gascón E, Genci J, Giraudo G, González Alvarado C, Gorodetzky P, Greg R, Guarino F, Guzmán A, Hachisu Y, Haiduc M, Harlov B, Haungs A, Hernández Carretero J, Hidber Cruz W, Ikeda D, Inoue N, Inoue S, Isgrò F, Itow Y, Jammer T, Jeong S, Joven E, Judd EG, Jung A, Jochum J, Kajino F, Kajino T, Kalli S, Kaneko I, Karadzhov Y, Karczmarczyk J, Katahira K, Kawai K, Kawasaki Y, Kedadra A, Khales H, Khrenov BA, Kim JS, Kim SW, Kleifges M, Klimov PA, Kolev D, Krantz H, Kreykenbohm I, Krizmanic JF, Kudela K, Kurihara Y, Kusenko A, Kuznetsov E, La Barbera A, Lachaud C, Lahmar H, Lakhdari F, Larsson O, Lee J, Licandro J, López Campano L, López F, Maccarone MC, Mackovjak S, Mahdi M, Maravilla D, Marcelli L, Marcos JL, Marini A, Marszał W, Martens K, Martín Y, Martinez O, Martucci M, Masciantonio G, Mase K, Mastafa M, Matev R, Matthews JN, Mebarki N, Medina-Tanco G, Mendoza MA, Menshikov A, Merino A, Meseguer J, Meyer SS, Mimouni J, Miyamoto H, Mizumoto Y, Monaco A, Morales de los Ríos JA, Moretto C, Nagataki S, Naitamor S, Napolitano T, Nava R, Neronov A, Nomoto K, Nonaka T, Ogawa T, Ogio S, Ohmori H, Olinto AV, Orleański P, Osteria G, Pagliaro A, Painter W, Panasyuk MI, Panico B, Parizot E, Park IH, Pastircak B, Patzak T, Paul T, Pérez-Grande I, Perfetto F, Peter T, Picozza P, Pindado S, Piotrowski LW, Piraino S, Placidi L, Plebaniak Z, Pliego S, Pollini A, Polonsky Z, Popescu EM, Prat P, Prévôt G, Prieto H, Puehlhofer G, Putis M, Rabanal J, Radu AA, Reyes M, Rezazadeh M, Ricci M, Rodríguez Frías MD, Ronga F, Roudil G, Rusinov I, Rybczyński M, Sabau MD, Sáez Cano G, Sagawa H, Sahnoune Z, Saito A, Sakaki N, Salazar H, Sanchez Balanzar JC, Sánchez JL, Santangelo A, Sanz-Andrés A, Sanz Palomino M, Saprykin O, Sarazin F, Sato M, Schanz T, Schieler H, Scotti V, Selmane S, Semikoz D, Serra M, Sharakin S, Shimizu HM, Shinozaki K, Shirahama T, Spataro B, Stan I, Sugiyama T, Supanitsky D, Suzuki M, Szabelska B, Szabelski J, Tajima N, Tajima T, Takahashi Y, Takami H, Takeda M, Takizawa Y, Talai MC, Tenzer C, Thomas SB, Tibolla O, Tkachev L, Tokuno H, Tomida T, Tone N, Toscano S, Traïche M, Tsenov R, Tsunesada Y, Tsuno K, Tubbs J, Turriziani S, Uchihori Y, Vaduvescu O, Valdés-Galicia JF, Vallania P, Vankova G, Vigorito C, Villaseñor L, Vlcek B, von Ballmoos P, Vrabel M, Wada S, Watanabe J, Watts J, Weber M, Weigand Muñoz R, Weindl A, Wiencke L, Wille M, Wilms J, Włodarczyk Z, Yamamoto T, Yang J, Yano H, Yashin IV, Yonetoku D, Yoshida S, Young R, Zgura IS, Zotov MY, Zuccaro Marchi A
Journal: Astroparticle Physics
Publication year: 2019
Volume: 111
Pages range: 54-71
ISSN: 0927-6505


Abstract

The JEM-EUSO (Joint Experiment Missions for the Extreme Universe Space Observatory) program aims at developing Ultra-Violet (UV) fluorescence telescopes for efficient detections of Extensive Air Showers (EASs) induced by Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECRs) from satellite orbit. In order to demonstrate key technologies for JEM-EUSO, we constructed the EUSO-Balloon instrument that consists of a ∼1 m
2
refractive telescope with two Fresnel lenses and an array of multi-anode photo-multiplier tubes at the focus. Distinguishing it from the former balloon-borne experiments, EUSO-Balloon has the capabilities of single photon counting with a gate time of 2.3 µs and of imaging with a total of 2304 pixels. As a pathfinder mission, the instrument was launched for an 8 h stratospheric flight on a moonless night in August 2014 over Timmins, Canada. In this work, we analyze the count rates over ∼2.5 h intervals. The measurements are of diffuse light, e.g. of airglow emission, back-scattered from the Earth's atmosphere as well as artificial light sources. Count rates from such diffuse light are a background for EAS detections in future missions and relevant factor for the analysis of EAS events. We also obtain the geographical distribution of the count rates over a ∼780 km
2
area along the balloon trajectory. In developed areas, light sources such as the airport, mines, and factories are clearly identified. This demonstrates the correct location of signals that will be required for the EAS analysis in future missions. Although a precise determination of count rates is relevant for the existing instruments, the absolute intensity of diffuse light is deduced for the limited conditions by assuming spectra models and considering simulations of the instrument response. Based on the study of diffuse light by EUSO-Balloon, we also discuss the implications for coming pathfinders and future space-based UHECR observation missions.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Kreykenbohm, Ingo Dr.
Dr.Karl-Remeis-Sternwarte Bamberg, Astronomisches Institut
Wille, Michael
Dr.Karl-Remeis-Sternwarte Bamberg, Astronomisches Institut
Wilms, Jörn Prof. Dr.
Professur für Astronomie und Astrophysik


How to cite

APA:
Abdellaoui, G., Abe, S., Adams, J.H., Ahriche, A., Allard, D., Allen, L.,... Zuccaro Marchi, A. (2019). Ultra-violet imaging of the night-time earth by EUSO-Balloon towards space-based ultra-high energy cosmic ray observations. Astroparticle Physics, 111, 54-71. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2018.10.008

MLA:
Abdellaoui, G., et al. "Ultra-violet imaging of the night-time earth by EUSO-Balloon towards space-based ultra-high energy cosmic ray observations." Astroparticle Physics 111 (2019): 54-71.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-28-05 at 15:08