Multi-messenger Observations of a Binary Neutron Star Merger

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Author(s): Abbott BP, Abbott R, Abbott TD, Acernese F, Ackley K, Adams C, Adams T, Addesso P, Adhikari RX, Adya VB, Affeldt C, Afrough M, Agarwal B, Agathos M, Agatsuma K, Aggarwal N, Aguiar OD, Aiello L, Ain A, Ajith P, Allen B, Allen G, Allocca A, Altin PA, Amato A, Ananyeva A, Anderson SB, Anderson WG, Angelova SV, Antier S, Appert S, Arai K, Araya MC, Areeda JS, Arnaud N, Arun KG, Ascenzi S, Ashton G, Ast M, Aston SM, Astone P, Atallah DV, Aufmuth P, Aulbert C, Aultoneal K, Austin C, Avila-Alvarez A, Babak S, Bacon P, Bader MKM, Bae S, Baker PT, Baldaccini F, Ballardin G, Ballmer SW, Banagiri S, Barayoga JC, Barclay SE, Barish BC, Barker D, Barkett K, Barone F, Barr B, Barsotti L, Barsuglia M, Barta D, Barthelmy SD, Bartlett J, Bartos I, Bassiri R, Basti A, Batch JC, Bawaj M, Bayley JC, Bazzan M, Becsy B, Beer C, Bejger M, Belahcene I, Bell AS, Berger BK, Bergmann G, Bero JJ, Berry CPL, Bersanetti D, Bertolini A, Betzwieser J, Bhagwat S, Bhandare R, Bilenko IA, Billingsley G, Billman CR, Birch J, Birney R, Birnholtz O, Biscans S, Biscoveanu S, Bisht A, Bitossi M, Biwer C, Bizouard MA, Blackburn JK, Blackman J, Blair CD, Blair DG, Blair RM, Bloemen S, Bock O, Bode N, Boer M, Bogaert G, Bohe A, Bondu F, Bonilla E, Bonnand R, Boom BA, Bork R, Boschi V, Bose S, Bossie K, Bouffanais Y, Bozzi A, Bradaschia C, Brady PR, Branchesi M, Brau JE, Briant T, Brillet A, Brinkmann M, Brisson V, Brockill P, Broida JE, Brooks AF, Brown DA, Brown DD, Brunett S, Buchanan CC, Buikema A, Bulik T, Bulten HJ, Buonanno A, Buskulic D, Buy C, Byer RL, Cabero M, Cadonati L, Cagnoli G, Cahillane C, Bustillo JC, Callister TA, Calloni E, Camp JB, Canepa M, Canizares P, Cannon KC, Cao H, Cao J, Capano CD, Capocasa E, Carbognani F, Caride S, Carney MF, Diaz JC, Casentini C, Caudill S, Cavagli M, Cavalier F, Cavalieri R, Cella G, Cepeda CB, Cerd-Durn P, Cerretani G, Cesarini E, Chamberlin SJ, Chan M, Chao S, Charlton P, Chase E, Chassande-Mottin E, Chatterjee D, Chatziioannou K, Cheeseboro BD, Chen HY, Chen X, Chen Y, Cheng HP, Chia H, Chincarini A, Chiummo A, Chmiel T, Cho HS, Cho M, Chow JH, Christensen N, Chu Q, Chua AJK, Chua S, Chung AKW, Chung S, Ciani G, Ciolfi R, Cirelli CE, Cirone A, Clara F, Clark JA, Clearwater P, Cleva F, Cocchieri C, Coccia E, Cohadon PF, Cohen D, Colla A, Collette CG, Cominsky LR, Constancio M, Conti L, Cooper SJ, Corban P, Corbitt TR, Cordero-Carrion I, Corley KR, Cornish N, Corsi A, Cortese S, Costa CA, Coughlin MW, Coughlin SB, Coulon JP, Countryman ST, Couvares P, Covas PB, Cowan EE, Coward DM, Cowart MJ, Coyne DC, Coyne R, Creighton JDE, Creighton TD, Cripe J, Crowder SG, Cullen TJ, Cumming A, Cunningham L, Cuoco E, Dal Canton T, Dlya G, Danilishin SL, D'Antonio S, Danzmann K, Dasgupta A, Costa CFDS, Dattilo V, Dave I, Davier M, Davis D, Daw EJ, Day B, De S, Debra D, Degallaix J, De Laurentis M, Deleglise S, Del Pozzo W, Demos N, Denker T, Dent T, De Pietri R, Dergachev V, De Rosa R, Derosa RT, De Rossi C, Desalvo R, De Varona O, Devenson J, Dhurandhar S, Diaz MC, Di Fiore L, Di Giovanni M, Di Girolamo T, Di Lieto A, Di Pace S, Di Palma I, Di Renzo F, Doctor Z, Dolique V, Donovan F, Dooley KL, Doravari S, Dorrington I, Douglas R, Alvarez MD, Downes TP, Drago M, Dreissigacker C, Driggers JC, Du Z, Ducrot M, Dupej P, Dwyer SE, Edo TB, Edwards MC, Effler A, Eggenstein HB, Ehrens P, Eichholz J, Eikenberry SS, Eisenstein RA, Essick RC, Estevez D, Etienne ZB, Etzel T, Evans M, Evans TM, Factourovich M, Fafone V, Fair H, Fairhurst S, Fan X, Farinon S, Farr B, Farr WM, Fauchon-Jones EJ, Favata M, Fays M, Fee C, Fehrmann H, Feicht J, Fejer MM, Fernandez-Galiana A, Ferrante I, Ferreira EC, Ferrini F, Fidecaro F, Finstad D, Fiori I, Fiorucci D, Fishbach M, Fisher RP, Fitz-Axen M, Flaminio R, Fletcher M, Fong H, Font JA, Forsyth PWF, Forsyth SS, Fournier JD, Frasca S, Frasconi F, Frei Z, Freise A, Frey R, Frey V, Fries EM, Fritschel P, Frolov VV, Fulda P, Fyffe M, Gabbard H, Gadre BU, Gaebel SM, Gair JR, Gammaitoni L, Ganija MR, Gaonkar SG, Garcia-Quiros C, Garufi F, Gateley B, Gaudio S, Gaur G, Gayathri V, Gehrels N, Gemme G, Genin E, Gennai A, George D, George J, Gergely LA, Germain V, Ghonge S, Ghosh A, Ghosh A, Ghosh S, Giaime JA, Giardina KD, Giazotto A, Gill K, Glover L, Goetz E, Goetz R, Gomes S, Goncharov B, Gonzlez G, Castro JMG, Gopakumar A, Gorodetsky ML, Gossan SE, Gosselin M, Gouaty R, Grado A, Graef C, Granata M, Grant A, Gras S, Gray C, Greco G, Green AC, Gretarsson EM, Griswold B, Groot P, Grote H, Grunewald S, Gruning P, Guidi GM, Guo X, Gupta A, Gupta MK, Gushwa KE, Gustafson EK, Gustafson R, Halim O, Hall BR, Hall ED, Hamilton EZ, Hammond G, Haney M, Hanke MM, Hanks J, Hanna C, Hannam MD, Hannuksela OA, Hanson J, Hardwick T, Harms J, Harry GM, Harry IW, Hart MJ, Haster CJ, Haughian K, Healy J, Heidmann A, Heintze MC, Heitmann H, Hello P, Hemming G, Hendry M, Heng IS, Hennig J, Heptonstall AW, Heurs M, Hild S, Hinderer T, Hoak D, Hofman D, Holt K, Holz DE, Hopkins P, Horst C, Hough J, Houston EA, Howell EJ, Hreibi A, Hu YM, Huerta EA, Huet D, Hughey B, Husa S, Huttner SH, Huynh-Dinh T, Indik N, Inta R, Intini G, Isa HN, Isac JM, Isi M, Iyer BR, Izumi K, Jacqmin T, Jani K, Jaranowski P, Jawahar S, Jimenez-Forteza F, Johnson WW, Jones DI, Jones R, Jonker RJG, Ju L, Junker J, Kalaghatgi CV, Kalogera V, Kamai B, Kandhasamy S, Kang G, Kanner JB, Kapadia SJ, Karki S, Karvinen KS, Kasprzack M, Katolik M, Katsavounidis E, Katzman W, Kaufer S, Kawabe K, Kefelian F, Keitel D, Kemball AJ, Kennedy R, Kent C, Key JS, Khalili FY, Khan I, Khan S, Khan Z, Khazanov EA, Kijbunchoo N, Kim C, Kim JC, Kim K, Kim W, Kim WS, Kim YM, Kimbrell SJ, King EJ, King PJ, Kinley-Hanlon M, Kirchhoff R, Kissel JS, Kleybolte L, Klimenko S, Knowles TD, Koch P, Koehlenbeck SM, Koley S, Kondrashov V, Kontos A, Korobko M, Korth WZ, Kowalska I, Kozak DB, Krmer C, Kringel V, Krishnan B, Krlak A, Kuehn G, Kumar P, Kumar R, Kumar S, Kuo L, Kutynia A, Kwang S, Lackey BD, Lai KH, Landry M, Lang RN, Lange J, Lantz B, Lanza RK, Larson SL, Lartaux-Vollard A, Lasky PD, Laxen M, Lazzarini A, Lazzaro C, Leaci P, Leavey S, Lee CH, Lee HK, Lee HM, Lee HW, Lee K, Lehmann J, Lenon A, Leonardi M, Leroy N, Letendre N, Levin Y, Li TGF, Linker SD, Littenberg TB, Liu J, Lo RKL, Lockerbie NA, London LT, Lord JE, Lorenzini M, Loriette V, Lormand M, Losurdo G, Lough JD, Lousto CO, Lovelace G, Lck H, Lumaca D, Lundgren AP, Lynch R, Ma Y, Macas R, Macfoy S, Machenschalk B, Macinnis M, Macleod DM, Hernandez IM, Magaa-Sandoval F, Zertuche LM, Magee RM, Majorana E, Maksimovic I, Man N, Mandic V, Mangano V, Mansell GL, Manske M, Mantovani M, Marchesoni F, Marion F, Mrka S, Mrka Z, Markakis C, Markosyan AS, Markowitz A, Maros E, Marquina A, Marsh P, Martelli F, Martellini L, Martin IW, Martin RM, Martynov DV, Mason K, Massera E, Masserot A, Massinger TJ, Masso-Reid M, Mastrogiovanni S, Matas A, Matichard F, Matone L, Mavalvala N, Mazumder N, Mccarthy R, Mcclelland DE, Mccormick S, Mcculler L, Mcguire SC, Mcintyre G, Mciver J, Mcmanus DJ, Mcneill L, Mcrae T, Mcwilliams ST, Meacher D, Meadors GD, Mehmet M, Meidam J, Mejuto-Villa E, Melatos A, Mendell G, Mercer RA, Merilh EL, Merzougui M, Meshkov S, Messenger C, Messick C, Metzdorff R, Meyers PM, Miao H, Michel C, Middleton H, Mikhailov EE, Milano L, Mueller AL, Mueller BB, Miller J, Millhouse M, Milovich-Goff MC, Minazzoli O, Minenkov Y, Ming J, Mishra CK, Mitra S, Mitrofanov VP, Mitselmakher G, Mittleman R, Moffa D, Moggi A, Mogushi K, Mohan M, Mohapatra SRP, Montani M, Moore CJ, Moraru D, Moreno G, Morriss SR, Mours B, Mow-Lowry CM, Mueller G, Muir AW, Mukherjee A, Mukherjee D, Mukherjee S, Mukund N, Mullavey A, Munch J, Muniz EA, Muratore M, Murray PG, Napier K, Nardecchia I, Naticchioni L, Nayak RK, Neilson J, Nelemans G, Nelson TJN, Nery M, Neunzert A, Nevin L, Newport JM, Newton G, Ng KKY, Nguyen P, Nguyen TT, Nichols D, Nielsen AB, Nissanke S, Nitz A, Noack A, Nocera F, Nolting D, North C, Nuttall LK, Oberling J, O'Dea GD, Ogin GH, Oh JJ, 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FE, Corral-Santana JM, De Gregorio-Monsalvo I, Gonzlez-Lopez J, Hartmann DH, Ishwara-Chandra CH, Martin S, Mehner A, Misra K, Michalowski MJ, Resmi L, Paragi Z, Agudo I, An T, Beswick R, Casadio C, Frey S, Jonker P, Kettenis M, Marcote B, Moldon J, Szomoru A, Langevelde HJ, Yang J, Cwiek A, Cwiok M, Czyrkowski H, Dabrowski R, Kasprowicz G, Mankiewicz L, Nawrocki K, Opiela R, Piotrowski LW, Wrochna G, Zaremba M, Zarnecki AF, Haggard D, Nynka M, Ruan JJ, Bland PA, Booler T, Devillepoix HAR, De Gois JS, Hancock PJ, Howie RM, Paxman J, Sansom EK, Towner MC, Tonry J, Coughlin M, Stubbs CW, Denneau L, Heinze A, Stalder B, Weiland H, Eatough RP, Kramer M, Kraus A, Troja E, Piro L, Gonzlez JB, Butler NR, Fox OD, Khandrika HG, Kutyrev A, Lee WH, Ricci R, Ryan RE, Sanchez-Ramirez R, Veilleux S, Watson AM, Wieringa MH, Burgess JM, Van Eerten H, Fontes CJ, Fryer CL, Korobkin O, Wollaeger RT, Camilo F, Foley AR, Goedhart S, Makhathini S, Oozeer N, Smirnov OM, Fender RP, Woudt PA
Journal: Astrophysical Journal Letters
Publisher: IOP PUBLISHING LTD
Publication year: 2017
Volume: 848
Journal issue: 2
ISSN: 2041-8205


Abstract

On 2017 August 17 a binary neutron star coalescence candidate (later designated GW170817) with merger time 12:41:04 UTC was observed through gravitational waves by the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo detectors. The Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor independently detected a gamma-ray burst (GRB 170817A) with a time delay of similar to 1.7 s with respect to the merger time. From the gravitational-wave signal, the source was initially localized to a sky region of 31 deg(2) at a luminosity distance of 40(-8)(+8) Mpc and with component masses consistent with neutron stars. The component masses were later measured to be in the range 0.86 to 2.26 M-circle dot. An extensive observing campaign was launched across the electromagnetic spectrum leading to the discovery of a bright optical transient (SSS17a, now with the IAU identification of AT 2017gfo) in NGC 4993 (at similar to 40 Mpc) less than 11 hours after the merger by the One-Meter, Two Hemisphere (1M2H) team using the 1 m Swope Telescope. The optical transient was independently detected by multiple teams within an hour. Subsequent observations targeted the object and its environment. Early ultraviolet observations revealed a blue transient that faded within 48 hours. Optical and infrared observations showed a redward evolution over similar to 10 days. Following early non-detections, X-ray and radio emission were discovered at the transient's position similar to 9 and similar to 16 days, respectively, after the merger. Both the X-ray and radio emission likely arise from a physical process that is distinct from the one that generates the UV/optical/near-infrared emission. No ultra-high-energy gamma-rays and no neutrino candidates consistent with the source were found in follow-up searches. These observations support the hypothesis that GW170817 was produced by the merger of two neutron stars in NGC4993 followed by a short gamma-ray burst (GRB 170817A) and a kilonova/macronova powered by the radioactive decay of r-process nuclei synthesized in the ejecta.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Anton, Gisela Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Teilchen- und Astroteilchenphysik)
Büchele, Matthias
Lehrstuhl für Physik
Eberl, Thomas PD Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Teilchen- und Astroteilchenphysik)
Eschbach, Stefan
Lehrstuhl für Physik
Funk, Stefan Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Physik
Glüsenkamp, Thorsten Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Astroteilchenphysik)
Graf, Kay Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Astroteilchenphysik)
Hallmann, Steffen
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Teilchen- und Astroteilchenphysik)
Hofestädt, Jannik Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Teilchen- und Astroteilchenphysik)
Hößl, Jürgen Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Teilchen- und Astroteilchenphysik)
James, Clancy
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Astroteilchenphysik)
Jankowsky, David
Lehrstuhl für Physik
Jung-Richardt, Ira PD Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Physik
Katz, Uli Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Astroteilchenphysik)
Kießling, Dominik
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Astroteilchenphysik)
Kittler, Thomas
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Astroteilchenphysik)
Kreykenbohm, Ingo Dr.
Dr.Karl-Remeis-Sternwarte Bamberg, Astronomisches Institut
Lahmann, Robert PD Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Astroteilchenphysik)
Mohrmann, Lars Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Physik
Principe, Giacomo
Lehrstuhl für Physik
Raab, Susanne
Lehrstuhl für Physik
Sasaki, Manami Prof. Dr.
Professur für Multiwellenlängenastronomie
Shilon, Idan
Lehrstuhl für Physik
Sieger, Christoph
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Astroteilchenphysik)
Tiziani, Domenico
Professur für Experimentalphysik
Tselengidou, Maria
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Astroteilchenphysik)
van Eldik, Christopher Prof. Dr.
Professur für Experimentalphysik
Veh, Johannes Dr.
Professur für Experimentalphysik
Willmann, Philipp
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Astroteilchenphysik)
Wilms, Jörn Prof. Dr.
Professur für Astronomie und Astrophysik
Wörnlein, André
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Astroteilchenphysik)
Ziegler, Alexander
Professur für Experimentalphysik


How to cite

APA:
Abbott, B.P., Abbott, R., Abbott, T.D., Acernese, F., Ackley, K., Adams, C.,... Woudt, P.A. (2017). Multi-messenger Observations of a Binary Neutron Star Merger. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 848(2). https://dx.doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/aa91c9

MLA:
Abbott, B. P., et al. "Multi-messenger Observations of a Binary Neutron Star Merger." Astrophysical Journal Letters 848.2 (2017).

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-25-06 at 17:08