Complex Crystals from Size-Disperse Spheres

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Bommineni PK, Varela-Rosales NR, Klement M, Engel M
Journal: Physical Review Letters
Publication year: 2019
Volume: 122
Journal issue: 12
ISSN: 0031-9007


Abstract

Colloids are rarely perfectly uniform but follow a distribution of sizes, shapes, and charges. This dispersity can be inherent (static) or develop and change over time (dynamic). Despite a long history of research, the conditions under which nonuniform particles crystallize and which crystal forms is still not well understood. Here, we demonstrate that hard spheres with Gaussian radius distribution and dispersity up to 19% always crystallize if compressed slowly enough, and they do so in surprisingly complex ways. This result is obtained by accelerating event-driven simulations with particle swap moves for static dispersity and particle resize moves for dynamic dispersity. Above 6% dispersity, AB(2) Laves, AB(13), and a region of Frank-Kasper phases are found. The Frank-Kasper region includes a quasicrystal approximant with Pearson symbol oS276. Our findings are relevant for ordering phenomena in soft matter and alloys.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Bommineni, Praveen Kumar Dr.
Juniorprofessur für Modellierung von Selbstorganisationsprozessen
Engel, Michael Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Multiscale Simulation of Particulate Systems
Klement, Marco
Juniorprofessur für Modellierung von Selbstorganisationsprozessen


How to cite

APA:
Bommineni, P.K., Varela-Rosales, N.R., Klement, M., & Engel, M. (2019). Complex Crystals from Size-Disperse Spheres. Physical Review Letters, 122(12). https://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.128005

MLA:
Bommineni, Praveen Kumar, et al. "Complex Crystals from Size-Disperse Spheres." Physical Review Letters 122.12 (2019).

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-15-04 at 12:53