Bounding the causal effect of unemployment on mental health: Nonparametric evidence from four countries

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift


Details zur Publikation

Autor(en): Cygan-Rehm K, Kühnle D, Oberfichtner M
Zeitschrift: Health Economics
Verlag: WILEY
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2017
Band: 26
Heftnummer: 12
Seitenbereich: 1844-1861
ISSN: 1057-9230


Abstract

An important, yet unsettled, question in public health policy is the extent to which unemployment causally impacts mental health. The recent literature yields varying findings, which are likely due to differences in data, methods, samples, and institutional settings. Taking a more general approach, we provide comparable evidence for four countries with different institutional settingsAustralia, Germany, the UK, and the United Statesusing a nonparametric bounds analysis. Relying on fairly weak and partially testable assumptions, our paper shows that unemployment has a significant negative effect on mental health in all countries. Our results rule out effects larger than a quarter of a standard deviation for Germany and half a standard deviation for the Anglo-Saxon countries. The effect is significant for both men and women and materialises already for short periods of unemployment. Public policy should hence focus on early prevention of mental health problems among the unemployed.


FAU-Autoren / FAU-Herausgeber

Cygan-Rehm, Kamila Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Statistik und empirische Wirtschaftsforschung
Kühnle, Daniel Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Statistik und empirische Wirtschaftsforschung


Autor(en) der externen Einrichtung(en)
Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB) der Bundesagentur für Arbeit (BA)


Zitierweisen

APA:
Cygan-Rehm, K., Kühnle, D., & Oberfichtner, M. (2017). Bounding the causal effect of unemployment on mental health: Nonparametric evidence from four countries. Health Economics, 26(12), 1844-1861. https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hec.3510

MLA:
Cygan-Rehm, Kamila, Daniel Kühnle, and Michael Oberfichtner. "Bounding the causal effect of unemployment on mental health: Nonparametric evidence from four countries." Health Economics 26.12 (2017): 1844-1861.

BibTeX: 

Zuletzt aktualisiert 2019-08-04 um 19:10