A New Slow PRI Variation Scheme for Multichannel SAR High-Resolution Wide-Swath Imaging

Conference contribution

Publication Details

Author(s): Krieger G
Publication year: 2018
Conference Proceedings Title: International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)


In the design of spaceborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging systems, high-resolution and wide swath are inherently incompatible requirements. As shown by extensive research in this field, advanced instrument modes and architectures employing multiple receive channels in elevation and/or azimuth represent a feasible solution for this conflict. This paper addresses a novel high-resolution wide-swath SAR imaging mode that uses multiple elevation and azimuth beams in combination with a slow variation of the pulse repetition interval (PRI) scheme. It is shown that this new mode enables a high-performance SAR system with a rather compact antenna. As an example, the design of an L-band system is presented that is capable of imaging a 400-km wide swath with an azimuth resolution of 5 m in single polarization. A detailed analysis reveals that an excellent performance is achieved by combining a digital feed with 3 azimuth and 30 elevation channels using an unfurlable reflector with a diameter of 12 m. In comparison to the staggered SAR mode of Tandem-L, which employs a reflector with a diameter of 15 m, the proposed scheme reduces the required antenna aperture by more than 35 \%. In addition, the same architecture enables the operation in a multichannel staggered SAR mode, which allows for the mapping of a 200-km wide swath with an even higher azimuth resolution of less than 2.5 m in a fully polarimetric mode.

Additional Organisation
Professur für Kognitive Radarsysteme für die Fernerkundung

External institutions with authors

Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR)

Last updated on 2019-03-04 at 09:23