Predicting attention deficit hyperactivity disorder using pregnancy and birth characteristics

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Schwenke E, Fasching P, Faschingbauer F, Pretscher J, Kehl S, Peretz R, Keller A, Häberle L, Eichler A, Irlbauer-Müller V, Dammer U, Beckmann M, Schneider M
Journal: Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
Publication year: 2018
Volume: 298
Journal issue: 5
Pages range: 889-895
ISSN: 0932-0067
eISSN: 1432-0711


Abstract

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate maternal, prenatal, perinatal, and postpartum parameters as risk factors for the later development of an attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the child.
METHODS: Women who had given birth at Erlangen University Hospital between 1996 and 1999 were sent a questionnaire in 2009. The results of the questionnaire were correlated with the prospectively collected data for the births in 1996-1999.
RESULTS: A total of 573 mother and child pairs were analyzed. Forty-four of the mothers reported that their child had ADHD (7.7%). No significant associations were found for the following parameters: mother's age; mother's educational level; number of the pregnancy; maternal weight before and at the end of pregnancy; mother's height; alcohol consumption during pregnancy; mode of delivery; gestational week; birthweight; umbilical artery blood values; Apgar score at 5 and 10 min; or breastfeeding. The parameters of smoking in pregnancy and an Apgar score lower than 7 after 1 min were significantly associated with a risk for later development of ADHD.
CONCLUSIONS: This analysis of maternal, prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal parameters found that smoking in pregnancy and a low Apgar score 1 min after birth are associated with a significantly greater risk for the development of ADHD. Beyond the question of the causal mechanism involved, this is a relevant finding, since smoking during pregnancy is a preventable risk factor.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Beckmann, Matthias Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
Eichler, Anna PD Dr.
Kinder- und Jugendabteilung für Psychische Gesundheit in der Psychiatrischen und Psychotherapeutischen Klinik
Fasching, Peter PD Dr.
Professur für Translationale Frauenheilkunde und Geburtshilfe
Irlbauer-Müller, Viktoria
Kinder- und Jugendabteilung für Psychische Gesundheit in der Psychiatrischen und Psychotherapeutischen Klinik
Kehl, Sven Prof. Dr.
Medizinische Fakultät
Keller, Andrea
Lehrstuhl für Biometrie und Epidemiologie
Schneider, Michael Dr. med.
Frauenklinik


How to cite

APA:
Schwenke, E., Fasching, P., Faschingbauer, F., Pretscher, J., Kehl, S., Peretz, R.,... Schneider, M. (2018). Predicting attention deficit hyperactivity disorder using pregnancy and birth characteristics. Archives of gynecology and obstetrics, 298(5), 889-895. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00404-018-4888-0

MLA:
Schwenke, Eva, et al. "Predicting attention deficit hyperactivity disorder using pregnancy and birth characteristics." Archives of gynecology and obstetrics 298.5 (2018): 889-895.

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Last updated on 2019-01-04 at 09:08