Prognostic impact of mRNA levels of LGR5 transcript variants in OSCC patients

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Rot S, Kaune T, Taubert H, Greither T, Kotrba J, Guettler A, Wichmann H, Bilkenroth U, Wienke A, Al-Nawas B, Bache M, Vordermark D, Wickenhauser C, Bethmann D, Eckert AW, Kappler M
Journal: BMC Cancer
Publication year: 2019
Volume: 19
ISSN: 1471-2407


Abstract

BackgroundThe human leucine-rich, repeat-containing G protein-coupled receptor 5 (LGR5) is a stem cell marker in numerous adult tissues and is overexpressed in a large number of human carcinoma including colon cancer, breast cancer and oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC). The role of the full length transcript (LGR5FL) in progression and prognosis of several cancers was reported. However, the biological function of three splice variants of LGR5 (LGR55, LGR58 and LGR55-8) has yet to be thoroughly investigated.MethodsSeventy-eight frozen tumor samples from adult OSCC patients were studied using quantitative real-time TaqMan PCR analysis. The mRNA levels of full length LGR5, the splice variant of LGR5 lacking exon 5 (LGR55), the splice variant of LGR5 lacking exon 8 (LGR58) and the mRNA level of all known transcript variants together (LGR5all) were quantified and correlated to overall and disease-specific survival of OSCC patients, clinical parameters and the mRNA level of different tumor-associated markers.ResultsAn elevated level of tumoral LGR55 mRNA, but not LGR5FL, LGR58 or LGR5all mRNA was significantly associated with a poor prognosis for the overall and disease-specific survival of OSCC patients (hazard ratio (HR)=2.0; p=0.02; 95% CI: 1.1-3.7; HR=3.2; p=0.01; 95% CI: 1.3-8.0; multivariable Cox regression), respectively. Additionally, a higher tumoral level of LGR55 mRNA in primary tumors was associated with the occurrence of regional lymph node metastases in OSCC patients (odds ratio (OR)=3.1; p=0.022; 95% CI: 1.2-7.9; binary logistic regression). Furthermore, the mRNA levels of all investigated LGR5 transcript variants were significantly correlated with the mRNA expression of Wnt-target genes and markers of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT).ConclusionThe mRNA level of the LGR5 splice variant LGR55 is an independent negative prognostic marker for overall and disease-specific survival and metastasis in OSCC patients. Additionally, we suggest, all LGR5 transcript variants are involved in the EMT process mainly through activating the Wnt-signalling pathway.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Taubert, Helge Prof. Dr. rer. nat.
Urologische Klinik


External institutions with authors

Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg (MLU)


How to cite

APA:
Rot, S., Kaune, T., Taubert, H., Greither, T., Kotrba, J., Guettler, A.,... Kappler, M. (2019). Prognostic impact of mRNA levels of LGR5 transcript variants in OSCC patients. BMC Cancer, 19. https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-019-5327-8

MLA:
Rot, Swetlana, et al. "Prognostic impact of mRNA levels of LGR5 transcript variants in OSCC patients." BMC Cancer 19 (2019).

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-07-05 at 10:23