The role of recessive inheritance in early-onset epileptic encephalopathies: a combined whole-exome sequencing and copy number study

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Papuc SM, Abela L, Steindl K, Begemann A, Simmons TL, Schmitt B, Zweier M, Oneda B, Socher E, Crowther LM, Wohlrab G, Gogoll L, Poms M, Seiler M, Papik M, Baldinger R, Baumer A, Asadollahi R, Kroell-Seger J, Schmid R, Iff T, Schmitt-Mechelke T, Otten K, Hackenberg A, Addor MC, Klein A, Azzarello-Burri S, Sticht H, Joset P, Plecko B, Rauch A
Journal: European journal of human genetics
Publication year: 2019
Volume: 27
Journal issue: 3
Pages range: 408-421
ISSN: 1018-4813


Abstract

Early-onset epileptic encephalopathy (EE) and combined developmental and epileptic encephalopathies (DEE) are clinically and genetically heterogeneous severely devastating conditions. Recent studies emphasized de novo variants as major underlying cause suggesting a generally low-recurrence risk. In order to better understand the full genetic landscape of EE and DEE, we performed high-resolution chromosomal microarray analysis in combination with whole-exome sequencing in 63 deeply phenotyped independent patients. After bioinformatic filtering for rare variants, diagnostic yield was improved for recessive disorders by manual data curation as well as molecular modeling of missense variants and untargeted plasma-metabolomics in selected patients. In total, we yielded a diagnosis in similar to 42% of cases with causative copy number variants in 6 patients (similar to 10%) and causative sequence variants in 16 established disease genes in 20 patients (similar to 32%), including compound heterozygosity for causative sequence and copy number variants in one patient. In total, 38% of diagnosed cases were caused by recessive genes, of which two cases escaped automatic calling due to one allele occurring de novo. Notably, we found the recessive gene SPATA5 causative in as much as 3% of our cohort, indicating that it may have been underdiagnosed in previous studies. We further support candidacy for neurodevelopmental disorders of four previously described genes (PIK3AP1, GTF3C3, UFC1, and WRAP53), three of which also followed a recessive inheritance pattern. Our results therefore confirm the importance of de novo causative gene variants in EE/DEE, but additionally illustrate the major role of mostly compound heterozygous or hemizygous recessive inheritance and consequently high-recurrence risk.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Socher, Eileen Dr.
Sticht, Heinrich Prof. Dr.
Professur für Bioinformatik
Professur für Bioinformatik


External institutions with authors

Kantonsspital Winterthur (KSW)
Lausanne University Hospital / Centre hospitalier universitaire vaudois (CHUV)
Luzerner Kantonsspital
Schweizerisches Epilepsie-Zentrum
Stadtspital Triemli / Triemli Hospital
Universitäts-Kinderspital beider Basel
Universitäts-Kinderspital Zürich
Universität Zürich (UZH)


How to cite

APA:
Papuc, S.M., Abela, L., Steindl, K., Begemann, A., Simmons, T.L., Schmitt, B.,... Rauch, A. (2019). The role of recessive inheritance in early-onset epileptic encephalopathies: a combined whole-exome sequencing and copy number study. European journal of human genetics, 27(3), 408-421. https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41431-018-0299-8

MLA:
Papuc, Sorina M., et al. "The role of recessive inheritance in early-onset epileptic encephalopathies: a combined whole-exome sequencing and copy number study." European journal of human genetics 27.3 (2019): 408-421.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-25-04 at 20:08