Heat-resistant action potentials require TTX-resistant sodium channels NaV1.8 and NaV1.9

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift


Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Touska F, Turnquist B, Vlachova V, Reeh P, Leffler A, Zimmermann K
Zeitschrift: Journal of General Physiology
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2018
Band: 150
Heftnummer: 8
Seitenbereich: 1125-1144
ISSN: 0022-1295
eISSN: 1540-7748


Abstract

Damage-sensing nociceptors in the skin provide an indispensable protective function thanks to their specialized ability to detect and transmit hot temperatures that would block or inflict irreversible damage in other mammalian neurons. Here we show that the exceptional capacity of skin C-fiber nociceptors to encode noxiously hot temperatures depends on two tetrodotoxin (TTX)-resistant sodium channel α-subunits: NaV1.8 and NaV1.9. We demonstrate that NaV1.9, which is commonly considered an amplifier of subthreshold depolarizations at 20°C, undergoes a large gain of function when temperatures rise to the pain threshold. We also show that this gain of function renders NaV1.9 capable of generating action potentials with a clear inflection point and positive overshoot. In the skin, heat-resistant nociceptors appear as two distinct types with unique and possibly specialized features: one is blocked by TTX and relies on NaV1.9, and the second type is insensitive to TTX and composed of both NaV1.8 and NaV1.9. Independent of rapidly gated TTX-sensitive NaV channels that form the action potential at pain threshold, NaV1.8 is required in all heat-resistant nociceptors to encode temperatures higher than ∼46°C, whereas NaV1.9 is crucial for shaping the action potential upstroke and keeping the NaV1.8 voltage threshold within reach.


FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Reeh, Peter Prof. Dr.
Professur für Systemische Neurophysiologie
Zimmermann, Katharina Prof. Dr. med.
Heisenbergprofessur für Experimentelle Schmerzforschung


Einrichtungen weiterer Autorinnen und Autoren

Bethel University
Medizinische Hochschule Hannover (MHH) / Hannover Medical School
The Czech Academy of Sciences


Zitierweisen

APA:
Touska, F., Turnquist, B., Vlachova, V., Reeh, P., Leffler, A., & Zimmermann, K. (2018). Heat-resistant action potentials require TTX-resistant sodium channels NaV1.8 and NaV1.9. Journal of General Physiology, 150(8), 1125-1144. https://dx.doi.org/10.1085/jgp.201711786

MLA:
Touska, Filip, et al. "Heat-resistant action potentials require TTX-resistant sodium channels NaV1.8 and NaV1.9." Journal of General Physiology 150.8 (2018): 1125-1144.

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Zuletzt aktualisiert 2019-21-06 um 10:02