A unique role for DNA (hydroxy)methylation in epigenetic regulation of human inhibitory neurons

Journal article

Publication Details

Author(s): Kozlenkov A, Li J, Apontes P, Hurd YL, Byne WM, Koonin E, Wegner M, Mukamel EA, Dracheva S
Journal: Science Advances
Publication year: 2018
Volume: 4
Journal issue: 9
ISSN: 2375-2548


Brain function depends on interaction of diverse cell types whose gene expression and identity are defined, in part, by epigenetic mechanisms. Neuronal DNA contains two major epigenetic modifications, methylcytosine (mC) and hydroxymethylcytosine (hmC), yet their cell type-specific landscapes and relationship with gene expression are poorly understood. We report high-resolution (h)mC analyses, together with transcriptome and histone modification profiling, in three major cell types in human prefrontal cortex: glutamatergic excitatory neurons, medial ganglionic eminence-derived γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic inhibitory neurons, and oligodendrocytes. We detected a unique association between hmC and gene expression in inhibitory neurons that differed significantly from the pattern in excitatory neurons and oligodendrocytes. We also found that risk loci associated with neuropsychiatric diseases were enriched near regions of reduced hmC in excitatory neurons and reduced mC in inhibitory neurons. Our findings indicate differential roles for mC and hmC in regulation of gene expression in different brain cell types, with implications for the etiology of human brain diseases.

FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Wegner, Michael Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Biochemie und Pathobiochemie

External institutions with authors

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
James J. Peters VA Medical Center
United States National Library of Medicine (NLM)
University of California, San Diego

How to cite

Kozlenkov, A., Li, J., Apontes, P., Hurd, Y.L., Byne, W.M., Koonin, E.,... Dracheva, S. (2018). A unique role for DNA (hydroxy)methylation in epigenetic regulation of human inhibitory neurons. Science Advances, 4(9). https://dx.doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aau6190

Kozlenkov, Alexey, et al. "A unique role for DNA (hydroxy)methylation in epigenetic regulation of human inhibitory neurons." Science Advances 4.9 (2018).


Last updated on 2019-23-05 at 14:38