Testing a linear time invariant model for skin conductance responses by intraneural recording and stimulation

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Gerster S, Namer B, Elam M, Bach DR
Journal: Psychophysiology
Publication year: 2018
Volume: 55
Journal issue: 2
ISSN: 0048-5772


Abstract

Skin conductance responses (SCR) are increasingly analyzed with model-based approaches that assume a linear and time-invariant (LTI) mapping from sudomotor nerve (SN) activity to observed SCR. These LTI assumptions have previously been validated indirectly, by quantifying how much variance in SCR elicited by sensory stimulation is explained under an LTI model. This approach, however, collapses sources of variability in the nervous and effector organ systems. Here, we directly focus on the SN/SCR mapping by harnessing two invasive methods. In an intraneural recording experiment, we simultaneously track SN activity and SCR. This allows assessing the SN/SCR relationship but possibly suffers from interfering activity of non-SN sympathetic fibers. In an intraneural stimulation experiment under regional anesthesia, such influences are removed. In this stimulation experiment, about 95% of SCR variance is explained under LTI assumptions when stimulation frequency is below 0.6 Hz. At higher frequencies, nonlinearities occur. In the intraneural recording experiment, explained SCR variance is lower, possibly indicating interference from non-SN fibers, but higher than in our previous indirect tests. We conclude that LTI systems may not only be a useful approximation but in fact a rather accurate description of biophysical reality in the SN/SCR system, under conditions of low baseline activity and sporadic external stimuli. Intraneural stimulation under regional anesthesia is the most sensitive method to address this question.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Namer, Barbara PD Dr.
Medizinische Fakultät


Additional Organisation
Institut für Physiologie und Pathophysiologie


External institutions with authors

Universität Zürich (UZH)
University of Gothenburg / Göteborgs universitet


How to cite

APA:
Gerster, S., Namer, B., Elam, M., & Bach, D.R. (2018). Testing a linear time invariant model for skin conductance responses by intraneural recording and stimulation. Psychophysiology, 55(2). https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/psyp.12986

MLA:
Gerster, Samuel, et al. "Testing a linear time invariant model for skin conductance responses by intraneural recording and stimulation." Psychophysiology 55.2 (2018).

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-21-02 at 17:11