100 years after: What is the relation between pacifist attitudes and social representations of the Great War?

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift
(Originalarbeit)


Details zur Publikation

Autor(en): Bouchat P, Licata L, Rosoux V, Allesch C, Bruckmüller S, Klein O
Zeitschrift: Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2018
ISSN: 1078-1919
eISSN: 1532-7949
Sprache: Englisch


Abstract

In this article we use a social representational perspective on a large
sample of European students to consider the interplay between pacifist
attitudes and representations of World War I (WWI). WWI gave rise to
pacifist movements across the globe. Across 10 European countries (N =
1,347 undergraduate students), we invited participants to report the
first 5 words that came to their mind when thinking about this event and
measured their level of pacifism. Analyses of the reported words
revealed the presence of seven lexical classes corresponding to 2 main
perspectives on WWI. The first main perspective was characterized by
“analytical” representations of the war, with a focus on the places and
actors of WWI. The second perspective highlighted negative emotions and
appraisals associated with war. Overall, we found that the pacifist
attitudes we analyzed were associated with a view of the conflict in
terms of negatively valanced words, both at the emotional level and in
terms of concrete consequences. Conversely lower pacifist attitudes were
linked with an emphasis upon weapons. The present results help fill a
gap in the literature on attitudes toward peace and war by evidencing
their interplay with the way individuals view war. These findings allow
us to establish a connection between mainstream, individual-centered
approach to attitudes relying on individual premises and social
representation theory. Moreover, in line with historical scholarship,
these results suggest that a common interpretational framework underlies
a view of the conflict associated with the pacifist wave that emerged
100 years ago and current pacifist attitudes. Finally, the present study
is the first large scale psychology study of the social representations
of the Great War. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights
reserved)


FAU-Autoren / FAU-Herausgeber

Bruckmüller, Susanne Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Sozialpsychologie mit Schwerpunkt Gender und Diversity


Zitierweisen

APA:
Bouchat, P., Licata, L., Rosoux, V., Allesch, C., Bruckmüller, S., & Klein, O. (2018). 100 years after: What is the relation between pacifist attitudes and social representations of the Great War? Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology. https://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pac0000359

MLA:
Bouchat, P, et al. "100 years after: What is the relation between pacifist attitudes and social representations of the Great War?" Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology (2018).

BibTeX: 

Zuletzt aktualisiert 2019-20-02 um 13:10