Dehydrogenation of Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carriers on Supported Pd Model Catalysts: Carbon Incorporation Under Operation Conditions

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Schuster R, Waidhas F, Bertram M, Runge H, Geile S, Shayduk R, Abuin M, Vonk V, Noei H, Lykhach Y, Bertram F, Stierle A, Libuda J
Journal: Catalysis Letters
Publisher: SPRINGER
Publication year: 2018
Volume: 148
Journal issue: 9
Pages range: 2901-2910
ISSN: 1011-372X


Abstract

Liquid organic hydrogen carriers (LOHCs) have great potential as a hydrogen storage medium needed for a future sustainable energy system. Dehydrogenation of LOHCs requires a catalyst, such as supported Pd nanoparticles. Under reaction conditions, hydrogen and carbon may diffuse into the bulk of supported Pd catalyst particles and affect their activity and selectivity. The detailed understanding of this process is critical for the use of LOHCs in future hydrogen storage technologies. In this work, we studied these processes in-situ on a Pd model catalyst using high-energy grazing incidence X-ray diffraction. Pd nanoparticles were evaporated in ultra-high vacuum on a polished alpha-Al2O3(0001) substrate. The particles, with an initial average size of 3.4 nm, were investigated at elevated temperature during their interaction with H-2 and methylcyclohexane (MCH) representing a model LOHC. The interaction with H-2 was studied in-situ at partial pressures up to 1 bar and temperatures between 300 and 500 K. At 300 K, the Pd nanoparticles (NPs) show a transition from alpha-PdH to beta-PdH as a function of the H-2 pressure. The transition occurs gradually, which is attributed to the heterogeneity of the NP system. The hydrogen uptake in beta-PdHx at 300 K and 1 bar is estimated to be X-H 0.37 +/- 0.03 indicating that the miscibility gap is narrowed for the nanoparticular system. With increasing temperature, X-H decreases until no beta-PdH phase is formed anymore at 500 K. At the same temperature, we studied the interaction of the Pd/sapphire model catalyst with MCH, both in the presence and in the absence of H-2. In the absence of H-2, carbon is formed and diffuses into the bulk yielding PdCx with a C concentration of around x 0.05 +/- 0.01. In the presence of H-2 in the gas phase, bulk carbon formation in the Pd/sapphire model catalyst is completely suppressed. These results show that Pd nanoparticles act as an adequate catalyst for the dehydrogenation of MCH.[GRAPHICS].


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Bertram, Manon
Lehrstuhl für Physikalische Chemie II
Libuda, Jörg Prof. Dr.
Professur für Physikalische Chemie
Lykhach, Yaroslava
Lehrstuhl für Physikalische Chemie II
Schuster, Ralf
Professur für Physikalische Chemie
Waidhas, Fabian
Lehrstuhl für Physikalische Chemie II


Additional Organisation
Exzellenz-Cluster Engineering of Advanced Materials


External institutions with authors

Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY


Research Fields

D Catalytic Materials
Exzellenz-Cluster Engineering of Advanced Materials


How to cite

APA:
Schuster, R., Waidhas, F., Bertram, M., Runge, H., Geile, S., Shayduk, R.,... Libuda, J. (2018). Dehydrogenation of Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carriers on Supported Pd Model Catalysts: Carbon Incorporation Under Operation Conditions. Catalysis Letters, 148(9), 2901-2910. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10562-018-2487-0

MLA:
Schuster, Ralf, et al. "Dehydrogenation of Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carriers on Supported Pd Model Catalysts: Carbon Incorporation Under Operation Conditions." Catalysis Letters 148.9 (2018): 2901-2910.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-19-02 at 16:23