Flexible sample cell for real-time GISAXS, GIWAXS and XRR: design and construction

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Berlinghof M, Bär C, Haas D, Bertram F, Langner S, Osvet A, Chumakov A, Will J, Schindler T, Zech T, Brabec C, Unruh T
Journal: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation
Publisher: INT UNION CRYSTALLOGRAPHY
Publication year: 2018
Volume: 25
Pages range: 1664-1672
ISSN: 1600-5775


Abstract

Since the properties of functional materials are highly dependent on their specific structure, and since the structural changes, for example during crystallization, induced by coating and annealing processes are significant, the study of structure and its formation is of interest for fundamental and applied science. However, structure analysis is often limited to ex situ determination of final states due to the lack of specialized sample cells that enable real-time investigations. The lack of such cells is mainly due to their fairly complex design and geometrical restrictions defined by the beamline setups. To overcome this obstacle, an advanced sample cell has been designed and constructed; it combines automated doctor blading, solvent vapor annealing and sample hydration with real-time grazing-incidence wide- and small-angle scattering (GIWAXS/GISAXS) and X-ray reflectivity (XRR). The sample cell has limited spatial requirements and is therefore widely usable at beamlines and laboratory-scale instruments. The cell is fully automatized and remains portable, including the necessary electronics. In addition, the cell can be used by interested scientists in cooperation with the Institute for Crystallography and Structural Physics and is expandable with regard to optical secondary probes. Exemplary research studies are presented, in the form of coating of P3HT:PC61PM thin films, solvent vapor annealing of DRCN5T:PC71BM thin films, and hydration of supported phospholipid multilayers, to demonstrate the capabilities of the in situ cell.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Bär, Christian
Professur für Nanomaterialcharakterisierung (Streumethoden)
Berlinghof, Marvin
Professur für Nanomaterialcharakterisierung (Streumethoden)
Brabec, Christoph Prof. Dr.
Institute Materials for Electronics and Energy Technology (i-MEET)
Langner, Stefan
Institute Materials for Electronics and Energy Technology (i-MEET)
Osvet, Andres Dr.
Institute Materials for Electronics and Energy Technology (i-MEET)
Schindler, Torben
Lehrstuhl für Kristallographie und Strukturphysik
Unruh, Tobias Prof. Dr.
Professur für Nanomaterialcharakterisierung (Streumethoden)
Will, Johannes Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Kristallographie und Strukturphysik
Zech, Tobias
Lehrstuhl für Kristallographie und Strukturphysik


Additional Organisation
Graduiertenkolleg 1896/2 In situ Mikroskopie mit Elektronen, Röntgenstrahlen und Rastersonden


External institutions
Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY
European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF)


How to cite

APA:
Berlinghof, M., Bär, C., Haas, D., Bertram, F., Langner, S., Osvet, A.,... Unruh, T. (2018). Flexible sample cell for real-time GISAXS, GIWAXS and XRR: design and construction. Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, 25, 1664-1672. https://dx.doi.org/10.1107/S1600577518013218

MLA:
Berlinghof, Marvin, et al. "Flexible sample cell for real-time GISAXS, GIWAXS and XRR: design and construction." Journal of Synchrotron Radiation 25 (2018): 1664-1672.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-25-03 at 09:34