Blood Pressure Pattern and Target Organ Damage in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Scheppach JB, Raff U, Toncar S, Ritter C, Klink T, Stoerk S, Wanner C, Schlieper G, Saritas T, Reinartz SD, Floege J, Janka RM, Uder M, Schmieder R, Eckardt KU, Schneider M
Journal: Hypertension
Publication year: 2018
Volume: 72
Journal issue: 4
Pages range: 929-936
ISSN: 0194-911X
eISSN: 1524-4563


Abstract

In patients with chronic kidney disease, data on blood pressure (BP) pattern and its association with target organ damage, which indicates elevated cardiovascular risk, are sparse. In 305 treated hypertensive chronic kidney disease patients, we assessed BP pattern, left ventricular mass (magnetic resonance imaging), intima-media thickness (ultrasound), 24-hour-pulse wave velocity and 24-hour-central augmentation index (Mobil-O-Graph). Controlled hypertension (normal office and ambulatory BP) was found in 41% and sustained uncontrolled hypertension (elevated office and ambulatory BP) in 30% of patients. Misclassification of BP status occurred in 29%: white coat uncontrolled hypertension (elevated office but normal ambulatory BP) was detected in 11% and masked uncontrolled hypertension (normal office but elevated ambulatory BP) in 18% of patients. Left ventricular mass was increased in white coat uncontrolled hypertension (+11.2 g), masked uncontrolled hypertension (+9.4 g), and sustained uncontrolled hypertension (+16.6 g) compared with controlled hypertension. Intima-media thickness was similar across all 4 BP groups. Twenty-four hour-pulse wave velocity and 24-hour-central augmentation index were increased in masked uncontrolled hypertension (+0.5 m/sec and +2.5%) and sustained uncontrolled hypertension (+0.5 m/sec and +2.9%) compared with controlled hypertension. In conclusion, based on office BP measurements, misclassification of true BP status occurred in almost one-third of chronic kidney disease patients. Both types of misclassification (white coat uncontrolled hypertension and masked uncontrolled hypertension) were associated with parameters of target organ damage. Ambulatory BP monitoring should be used routinely to identify chronic kidney disease patients at high cardiovascular risk.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Eckardt, Kai-Uwe Prof. Dr. med.
Medizinische Klinik 4 - Nephrologie und Hypertensiologie
Janka, Rolf Matthias Prof. Dr.
Radiologisches Institut
Schmieder, Roland Prof. Dr.
Professur für Innere Medizin (Nephrologie)
Schneider, Markus
Medizinische Fakultät
Uder, Michael Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Diagnostische Radiologie


External institutions with authors

Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg
Universitätsklinikum Aachen
Universitätsklinikum Göttingen
Universitätsklinikum Würzburg


How to cite

APA:
Scheppach, J.B., Raff, U., Toncar, S., Ritter, C., Klink, T., Stoerk, S.,... Schneider, M. (2018). Blood Pressure Pattern and Target Organ Damage in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease. Hypertension, 72(4), 929-936. https://dx.doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.118.11608

MLA:
Scheppach, Johannes B., et al. "Blood Pressure Pattern and Target Organ Damage in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease." Hypertension 72.4 (2018): 929-936.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-21-07 at 07:17