Hereditary SWI/SNF complex deficiency syndromes

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift


Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Agaimy A, Foulkes WD
Zeitschrift: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2018
Band: 35
Heftnummer: 3
Seitenbereich: 193-198
ISSN: 0740-2570


Abstract

The SWItch Sucrose non-fermentable (SWI/SNF) complex is a highly conserved multi-subunit complex of proteins encoded by numerous genes mapped to different chromosomal regions. The complex regulates the process of chromatin remodelling and hence plays a central role in the epigenetic regulation of gene expression, cell proliferation and differentiation. During the last three decades, the SWI/SNF complex has been increasingly recognized as a central molecular event driving the initiation and/or progression of several benign and malignant neoplasms of different anatomic origin and having diverse histomorphological appearance. Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (AT/RT) and renal/extrarenal malignant rhabdoid tumors of childhood, epithelioid sarcoma and small cell carcinoma of the ovary, hypercalcemic type (SCCOHT) represent the most commonly recognized SWI/SNF-driven neoplasms Approximately one-third of pediatric malignant rhabdoid tumors are linked to germline SWI/SNF alterations (SMARCB1/INI1, rarely SMARCA4) resulting in occasional familial clustering of these highly aggressive malignancies (so-called rhabdoid tumor predisposition syndrome, RTPS, types 1 and 2, respectively). However, more recently, inherited SWI/SNF-deficiency has been linked to several benign syndromic tumors including a subset of familial schwannomatosis (linked to SMARCB1) and multiple meningiomas (linked to SMARCE1) as well as others. Beyond neoplasms, several congenital developmental functional disorders such as Coffin-Siris syndrome and intellectual disability are now known to be SWI/SNF-related. The latter are essentially not associated with SWI/SNF-driven neoplasms, although at least anecdotal cases have documented concurrence of both neoplastic and developmental disorders. This review summarizes the most important SWI/SNF-driven diseases with a main focus on neoplasms.


Einrichtungen weiterer Autorinnen und Autoren

McGill University


Zitierweisen

APA:
Agaimy, A., & Foulkes, W.D. (2018). Hereditary SWI/SNF complex deficiency syndromes. Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology, 35(3), 193-198. https://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.semdp.2018.01.002

MLA:
Agaimy, Abbas, and William D. Foulkes. "Hereditary SWI/SNF complex deficiency syndromes." Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology 35.3 (2018): 193-198.

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Zuletzt aktualisiert 2019-06-01 um 22:10