Mast cells in early rheumatoid arthritis associate with disease severity and support B cell autoantibody production

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Rivellese F, Mauro D, Nerviani A, Pagani S, Fossati-Jimack L, Messemaker T, Kurreeman FA, Toes RE, Ramming A, Rauber S, Schett G, Jones GW, Jones SA, Rossi FW, De Paulis A, Marone G, El Shikh MEM, Humby F, Pitzalis C
Journal: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Publication year: 2018
ISSN: 0003-4967


Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Mast cells (MCs) are involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, their contribution remains controversial. To establish their role in RA, we analysed their presence in the synovium of treatment-naïve patients with early RA and their association and functional relationship with histological features of synovitis.
METHODS: Synovial tissue was obtained by ultrasound-guided biopsy from treatment-naïve patients with early RA (n=99). Immune cells (CD3/CD20/CD138/CD68) and their relationship with CD117+MCs in synovial tissue were analysed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and immunofluorescence (IF). The functional involvement of MCs in ectopic lymphoid structures (ELS) was investigated in vitro, by coculturing MCs with naïve B cells and anticitrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA)-producing B cell clones, and in vivo in interleukin-27 receptor alpha (IL27ra)-deficient and control mice during antigen-induced arthritis (AIA).
RESULTS: High synovial MC counts are associated with local and systemic inflammation, autoantibody positivity and high disease activity. IHC/IF showed that MCs reside at the outer border of lymphoid aggregates. Furthermore, human MCs promote the activation and differentiation of naïve B cells and induce the production of ACPA, mainly via contact-dependent interactions. In AIA, synovial MC numbers increase in IL27ra deficient mice, in association with ELS and worse disease activity.
CONCLUSIONS: Synovial MCs identify early RA patients with a severe clinical form of synovitis characterised by the presence of ELS.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Rauber, Simon Dr. rer. nat.
Medizinische Klinik 3 - Rheumatologie und Immunologie
Schett, Georg Prof. Dr. med.
Lehrstuhl für Innere Medizin III


External institutions with authors

Cardiff University
Leiden University Medical Center
Queen Mary, University of London
Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II


How to cite

APA:
Rivellese, F., Mauro, D., Nerviani, A., Pagani, S., Fossati-Jimack, L., Messemaker, T.,... Pitzalis, C. (2018). Mast cells in early rheumatoid arthritis associate with disease severity and support B cell autoantibody production. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. https://dx.doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2018-213418

MLA:
Rivellese, Felice, et al. "Mast cells in early rheumatoid arthritis associate with disease severity and support B cell autoantibody production." Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases (2018).

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Last updated on 2018-19-11 at 10:23