Modelling the evolution of Vadret da Morteratsch, Switzerland, since the Little Ice Age and into the future

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Zekollari H, Fürst J, Huybrechts P
Journal: Journal of Glaciology
Publisher: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
Publication year: 2014
Volume: 60
Journal issue: 224
Pages range: 1155-1168
ISSN: 0022-1430
Language: English


Abstract

We use a 3-D higher-order glacier flow model for Vadret da Morteratsch, Engadin, Switzerland, to simulate its strong retreat since the end of the Little Ice Age (LIA) and to project its future disintegration under a warming climate. The flow model, coupled to a 2-D energy-balance model, is initialized with the known maximum glacier extent during the LIA and subsequently forced with mean monthly precipitation and temperature records. To correctly reproduce the observed retreat of the glacier front for the period 1864-2010, additional mass-balance perturbations are required to account for uncertainties in the initial state, the mass-balance model and climate variations not captured by the ambient meteorological records. Changes in glacier volume and area are in good agreement with additional information from historical topographic maps. Under constant 2001-10 climate conditions, a strong retreat and mass loss continue and Vadret da Morteratsch disconnects from its main tributary, Vadret Pers, before 2020. The future glacier evolution is analysed in detail to understand the timing and rate of retreat, and to assess the role of ice dynamics. Assuming a linearly increasing warming of >3 degrees C by 2100, only isolated and largely stagnant ice patches remain at high elevation.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Fürst, Johannes Dr.
Institut für Geographie


How to cite

APA:
Zekollari, H., Fürst, J., & Huybrechts, P. (2014). Modelling the evolution of Vadret da Morteratsch, Switzerland, since the Little Ice Age and into the future. Journal of Glaciology, 60(224), 1155-1168. https://dx.doi.org/10.3189/2014JoG14J053

MLA:
Zekollari, Harry, Johannes Fürst, and Philippe Huybrechts. "Modelling the evolution of Vadret da Morteratsch, Switzerland, since the Little Ice Age and into the future." Journal of Glaciology 60.224 (2014): 1155-1168.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2018-02-11 at 12:10