A multicenter controlled study for dementia prevention through physical, cognitive and social activities – GESTALT-kompakt

Journal article
(Original article)


Publication Details

Author(s): Streber A, Abu-Omar K, Hentschke C, Rütten A
Journal: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Publication year: 2017
Volume: 12
Pages range: 2109–2121
ISSN: 1176-9092
eISSN: 1178-1998
Language: English


Abstract

Prevention of dementia is a public health priority. Physical activity (PA) can reduce the risk of dementia, but the majority of people remain sedentary. We conducted a multicenter controlled study with older adults (60+ years). We hypothesized that an evidence-based PA intervention – GEhen, Spielen und Tanzen Als Lebenslange Tätigkeiten – kompakt [walking, playing and dancing as lifelong activities-compact] (GESTALT-kompakt) – would lead to significantly larger improvements in PA levels (step counts/Fitbit Zip™), cognitive functions (DemTect) and social activities (Social Activity Log), compared to an active control group. Data were collected at baseline and after 3 and 12 months. The intervention group received a 12-week (1/week) multimodal and multicomponent PA program, which combined PA with cognitive and social activities. The control group received either regular gymnastics or cognitive training (1/week). A mixed linear model was chosen for analysis. A total of 87 older individuals were recruited in the GESTALT-kompakt study (68 females, average age =76.0 years, SD ±9.2, range 52–95 years). Marginally significant differences were observed in the intervention group (n=57) in comparison to the control group (n=30), regarding improvements in PA (difference of mean changes =866.4 steps, p=0.055) after 3 months. However, their PA decreased to the baseline score value after 12 months (−866.0 steps, p=0.061). GESTALT-kompakt did not cause significant differences in cognitive functioning (−0.8620, p=0.074) and social activities (−0.2428, p=0.288) in comparison to the control intervention from T0 to T1. Sixteen (24.2%) study participants who finished T2 reported a negative life event during the follow-up period, which severely influenced their PA behavior. GESTALT-kompakt might be effective in increasing PA in the short term, but did not have a long-term impact on the PA levels, cognitive functions or social activities of the participants. We recommend PA programs with longer duration to change behavior in the long term.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Abu-Omar, Karim PD Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Sportwissenschaft mit der Ausrichtung Gesundheitsförderung/Public Health/Sozialwissenschaften des Sports
Lehrstuhl für Sportwissenschaft mit dem Schwerpunkt Bewegung und Gesundheit
Rütten, Alfred Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Sportwissenschaft mit der Ausrichtung Gesundheitsförderung/Public Health/Sozialwissenschaften des Sports
Streber, Anna Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Sportwissenschaft mit der Ausrichtung Gesundheitsförderung/Public Health/Sozialwissenschaften des Sports


How to cite

APA:
Streber, A., Abu-Omar, K., Hentschke, C., & Rütten, A. (2017). A multicenter controlled study for dementia prevention through physical, cognitive and social activities – GESTALT-kompakt. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 12, 2109–2121. https://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S141163

MLA:
Streber, Anna, et al. "A multicenter controlled study for dementia prevention through physical, cognitive and social activities – GESTALT-kompakt." Clinical Interventions in Aging 12 (2017): 2109–2121.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-15-03 at 08:53