Diagnosis, monitoring and prevention of exposure-related non-communicable diseases in the living and working environment: DiMoPEx-project is designed to determine the impacts of environmental exposure on human health

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Budnik LT, Adam B, Albin M, Banelli B, Baur X, Belpoggi F, Bolognesi C, Broberg K, Gustavsson P, Göen T, Fischer A, Jarosinska D, Manservisi F, O'Kennedy R, Ovrevik J, Paunovic E, Ritz B, Scheepers PTJ, Schlunssen V, Schwarzenbach H, Schwarze PE, Sheils O, Sigsgaard T, Van Damme K, Casteleyn L
Journal: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Publication year: 2018
Volume: 13
ISSN: 1745-6673


Abstract

The WHO has ranked environmental hazardous exposures in the living and working environment among the top risk factors for chronic disease mortality. Worldwide, about 40 million people die each year from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) including cancer, diabetes, and chronic cardiovascular, neurological and lung diseases. The exposure to ambient pollution in the living and working environment is exacerbated by individual susceptibilities and lifestyle-driven factors to produce complex and complicated NCD etiologies. Research addressing the links between environmental exposure and disease prevalence is key for prevention of the pandemic increase in NCD morbidity and mortality. However, the long latency, the chronic course of some diseases and the necessity to address cumulative exposures over very long periods does mean that it is often difficult to identify causal environmental exposures. EU-funded COST Action DiMoPEx is developing new concepts for a better understanding of health-environment (including gene-environment) interactions in the etiology of NCDs. The overarching idea is to teach and train scientists and physicians to learn how to include efficient and valid exposure assessments in their research and in their clinical practice in current and future cooperative projects. DiMoPEx partners have identified some of the emerging research needs, which include the lack of evidence-based exposure data and the need for human-equivalent animal models mirroring human lifespan and low-dose cumulative exposures. Utilizing an interdisciplinary approach incorporating seven working groups, DiMoPEx will focus on aspects of air pollution with particulate matter including dust and fibers and on exposure to low doses of solvents and sensitizing agents. Biomarkers of early exposure and their associated effects as indicators of disease-derived information will be tested and standardized within individual projects. Risks arising from some NCDs, like pneumoconioses, cancers and allergies, are predictable and preventable. Consequently, preventative action could lead to decreasing disease morbidity and mortality for many of the NCDs that are of major public concern. DiMoPEx plans to catalyze and stimulate interaction of scientists with policy-makers in attacking these exposure-related diseases.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Göen, Thomas Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Arbeits- und Sozialmedizin


External institutions with authors

Aarhus University
Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin
Det Nationale Forskningscenter for Arbejdsmiljø
Dublin City University (DCU)
European Society for Environmental and Occupational Medicine (EOM)
Istituto Ramazzini Cooperativa Sociale onlus
Karolinska Institute
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (KUL) / Catholic University of Leuven
Lund University / Lunds universitet
Norwegian Institute of Public Health (NIPH) / Folkehelseinstituttet
Ospedale San Martino (IRCCS AOU)
Radboud University Nijmegen
St. James's Hospital
Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE)
University of California Los Angeles (UCLA)
University of Debrecen / Debreceni Egyetem
WHO European Centre for Environment and Health (ECEH)


How to cite

APA:
Budnik, L.T., Adam, B., Albin, M., Banelli, B., Baur, X., Belpoggi, F.,... Casteleyn, L. (2018). Diagnosis, monitoring and prevention of exposure-related non-communicable diseases in the living and working environment: DiMoPEx-project is designed to determine the impacts of environmental exposure on human health. Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, 13. https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12995-018-0186-9

MLA:
Budnik, Lygia Therese, et al. "Diagnosis, monitoring and prevention of exposure-related non-communicable diseases in the living and working environment: DiMoPEx-project is designed to determine the impacts of environmental exposure on human health." Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 13 (2018).

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-01-02 at 08:38