A New Statistical Approach for the Evaluation of Gap-prepulse Inhibition of the Acoustic Startle Reflex (GPIAS) for Tinnitus Assessment

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Schilling A, Krauß P, Gerum R, Metzner C, Tziridis K, Schulze H
Journal: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Publication year: 2017
Volume: 11
ISSN: 1662-5153


Abstract

Background:
An increasingly used behavioral paradigm for the objective assessment of a possible tinnitus percept in animal models has been proposed by Turner and coworkers in 2006. It is based on gap-prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the acoustic startle reflex (ASR) and usually referred to as GPIAS. As it does not require conditioning it became the method of choice to study neuroplastic phenomena associated with the development of tinnitus.Objective:It is still controversial if GPIAS is really appropriate for tinnitus screening, as the hypothesis that a tinnitus percept impairs the gap detection ability ("filling-in interpretation" is still questioned. Furthermore, a wide range of criteria for positive tinnitus detection in GPIAS have been used across different laboratories and there still is no consensus on a best practice for statistical evaluation of GPIAS results. Current approaches are often based on simple averaging of measured PPI values and comparisons on a population level without the possibility to perform valid statistics on the level of the single animal.Methods:A total number of 32 animals were measured using the standard GPIAS paradigm with varying number of measurement repetitions. Based on this data further statistical considerations were performed.Results:We here present a new statistical approach to overcome the methodological limitations of GPIAS. In a first step we show that ASR amplitudes are not normally distributed. Next we estimate the distribution of the measured PPI values by exploiting the full combinatorial power of all measured ASR amplitudes. We demonstrate that the amplitude ratios (1-PPI) are approximately lognormally distributed, allowing for parametrical testing of the logarithmized values and present a new statistical approach allowing for a valid and reliable statistical assessment of PPI changes in GPIAS.Conclusion:Based on our statistical approach we recommend using a constant criterion, which does not systematically depend on the number of measurement repetitions, in order to divide animals into a tinnitus and a non-tinnitus group. In particular, we recommend using a constant threshold based on the effect size as criterion, as the effect size, in contrast to thep-value, does not systematically depend on the number of measurement repetitions.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Gerum, Richard Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Biophysik
Krauß, Patrick Dr.
Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Klinik - Kopf- und Halschirurgie
Metzner, Claus PD Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Biophysik
Schilling, Achim Dr. rer. nat.
Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Klinik - Kopf- und Halschirurgie
Schulze, Holger Prof. Dr. rer. nat.
Professur für Experimentelle HNO-Heilkunde
Tziridis, Konstantin Dr. rer. nat.
Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Klinik - Kopf- und Halschirurgie


How to cite

APA:
Schilling, A., Krauß, P., Gerum, R., Metzner, C., Tziridis, K., & Schulze, H. (2017). A New Statistical Approach for the Evaluation of Gap-prepulse Inhibition of the Acoustic Startle Reflex (GPIAS) for Tinnitus Assessment. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 11. https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2017.00198

MLA:
Schilling, Achim, et al. "A New Statistical Approach for the Evaluation of Gap-prepulse Inhibition of the Acoustic Startle Reflex (GPIAS) for Tinnitus Assessment." Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience 11 (2017).

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2018-24-10 at 15:08