Chairside CAD/CAM materials. Part 3: Cyclic fatigue parameters and lifetime predictions

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift

Details zur Publikation

Autor(en): Wendler M, Belli R, Valladares D, Petschelt A, Lohbauer U
Zeitschrift: Dental Materials
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2018
Band: 34
Heftnummer: 6
Seitenbereich: 910-921
ISSN: 0109-5641


OBJECTIVES: Chemical and mechanical degradation play a key role on the lifetime of dental restorative materials. Therefore, prediction of their long-term performance in the oral environment should base on fatigue, rather than inert strength data, as commonly observed in the dental material's field. The objective of the present study was to provide mechanistic fatigue parameters of current dental CAD/CAM materials under cyclic biaxial flexure and assess their suitability in predicting clinical fracture behaviors.
METHODS: Eight CAD/CAM materials, including polycrystalline zirconia (IPS e.max ZirCAD), reinforced glasses (Vitablocs Mark II, IPS Empress CAD), glass-ceramics (IPS e.max CAD, Suprinity PC, Celtra Duo), as well as hybrid materials (Enamic, Lava Ultimate) were evaluated. Rectangular plates (12×12×1.2mm3) with highly polished surfaces were prepared and tested in biaxial cyclic fatigue in water until fracture using the Ball-on-Three-Balls (B3B) test. Cyclic fatigue parameters n and A* were obtained from the lifetime data for each material and further used to build SPT diagrams. The latter were used to compare in-vitro with in-vivo fracture distributions for IPS e.max CAD and IPS Empress CAD.
RESULTS: Susceptibility to subcritical crack growth under cyclic loading was observed for all materials, being more severe (n≤20) in lithium-based glass-ceramics and Vitablocs Mark II. Strength degradations of 40% up to 60% were predicted after only 1 year of service. Threshold stress intensity factors (Kth) representing the onset of subcritical crack growth (SCG), were estimated to lie in the range of 0.37-0.44 of KIc for the lithium-based glass-ceramics and Vitablocs Mark II and between 0.51-0.59 of KIc for the other materials. Failure distributions associated with mechanistic estimations of strength degradation in-vitro showed to be useful in interpreting failure behavior in-vivo. The parameter Kth stood out as a better predictor of clinical performance in detriment to the SCG n parameter.
SIGNIFICANCE: Fatigue parameters obtained from cyclic loading experiments are more reliable predictors of the mechanical performance of contemporary dental CAD/CAM restoratives than quasi-static mechanical properties.

FAU-Autoren / FAU-Herausgeber

Belli, Renan Dr.
Zahnklinik 1 - Zahnerhaltung und Parodontologie
Lohbauer, Ulrich Prof. Dr.
Medizinische Fakultät
Petschelt, Anselm Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Zahn-,Mund- und Kieferheilkunde, insbesondere Zahnerhaltung, Parodontologie und Kinderzahnheilkunde


Wendler, M., Belli, R., Valladares, D., Petschelt, A., & Lohbauer, U. (2018). Chairside CAD/CAM materials. Part 3: Cyclic fatigue parameters and lifetime predictions. Dental Materials, 34(6), 910-921.

Wendler, Michael, et al. "Chairside CAD/CAM materials. Part 3: Cyclic fatigue parameters and lifetime predictions." Dental Materials 34.6 (2018): 910-921.


Zuletzt aktualisiert 2019-06-01 um 00:10