FGFR1:TACC1 fusion is a frequent event in molecularly defined extraventricular neurocytoma

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Sievers P, Stichel D, Schrimpf D, Sahm F, Koelsche C, Reuss DE, Wefers AK, Reinhardt A, Huang K, Ebrahimi A, Hou Y, Pajtler KW, Pfister SM, Hasselblatt M, Stummer W, Schick U, Hartmann C, Hagel C, Staszewski O, Reifenberger G, Beschorner R, Coras R, Keyvani K, Kohlhof P, Diomedi-Camassei F, Herold-Mende C, Giangaspero F, Rushing E, Giannini C, Korshunov A, Jones DTW, Von Deimling A
Journal: Acta Neuropathologica
Publication year: 2018
Volume: 136
Journal issue: 2
Pages range: 293-302
ISSN: 0001-6322


Abstract

Extraventricular neurocytoma (EVN) is a rare primary brain tumor occurring in brain parenchyma outside the ventricular system. Histopathological characteristics resemble those of central neurocytoma but exhibit a wider morphologic spectrum. Accurate diagnosis of these histologically heterogeneous tumors is often challenging because of the overlapping morphological features and the lack of defining molecular markers. Here, we explored the molecular landscape of 40 tumors diagnosed histologically as EVN by investigating copy number profiles and DNA methylation array data. DNA methylation profiles were compared with those of relevant differential diagnoses of EVN and with a broader spectrum of diverse brain tumor entities. Based on this, our tumor cohort segregated into different groups. While a large fraction (n = 22) formed a separate epigenetic group clearly distinct from established DNA methylation profiles of other entities, a subset (n = 14) of histologically diagnosed EVN grouped with clusters of other defined entities. Three cases formed a small group close to but separated from the epigenetically distinct EVN cases, and one sample clustered with non-neoplastic brain tissue. Four additional samples originally diagnosed otherwise were found to molecularly resemble EVN. Thus, our results highlight a distinct DNA methylation pattern for the majority of tumors diagnosed as EVN, but also indicate that approximately one third of morphological diagnoses of EVN epigenetically correspond to other brain tumor entities. Copy number analysis and confirmation through RNA sequencing revealed FGFR1-TACC1 fusion as a distinctive, recurrent feature within the EVN methylation group (60%), in addition to a small number of other FGFR rearrangements (13%). In conclusion, our data demonstrate a specific epigenetic signature of EVN suitable for characterization of these tumors as a molecularly distinct entity, and reveal a high frequency of potentially druggable FGFR pathway activation in this tumor group.


External institutions with authors

Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg
Clemenshospital
Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen
Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf
Hopp-Kindertumorzentrum Heidelberg - KiTZ
Klinikum Stuttgart
Mayo Clinic
Medizinische Hochschule Hannover (MHH) / Hannover Medical School
Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesu
Università degli studi "La Sapienza"
Universität Duisburg-Essen (UDE)
Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE)
Universitätsklinikum Heidelberg
Universitätsklinikum Münster
Universitätsspital Zürich (USZ)


How to cite

APA:
Sievers, P., Stichel, D., Schrimpf, D., Sahm, F., Koelsche, C., Reuss, D.E.,... Von Deimling, A. (2018). FGFR1:TACC1 fusion is a frequent event in molecularly defined extraventricular neurocytoma. Acta Neuropathologica, 136(2), 293-302. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00401-018-1882-3

MLA:
Sievers, Philipp, et al. "FGFR1:TACC1 fusion is a frequent event in molecularly defined extraventricular neurocytoma." Acta Neuropathologica 136.2 (2018): 293-302.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2018-12-11 at 13:08