Weekly High-dose 5-Fluorouracil as 24-hour Infusion Combined with Sodium Folinic Acid (AIO regimen) Plus Irinotecan in Second-line and Sequential Therapy of Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (CRC)

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Wein A, Siebler J, Wolff K, Ostermeier N, Busse D, Hagel A, Koch F, Merx K, Neurath M, Hofheinz RD
Journal: Anticancer Research
Publication year: 2017
Volume: 37
Journal issue: 7
Pages range: 3771-3779
ISSN: 0250-7005


Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this work was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of second-line treatment with weekly high-dose 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) as a 24-hour infusion (24-h inf.) combined with sodium folinic acid (FA) (AIO-regimen) plus irinotecan (Iri.) after pretreatment with AIO-regimen plus oxaliplatin (L-OHP).
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with non-resectable distant CRC metastases were enrolled in a prospective phase II study for palliative second-line treatment after previous progression of first-line treatment in accordance with the AIO-regimen plus oxaliplatin. On an outpatient basis, the patients received a treatment regimen comprising of weekly 80 mg/m2 irinotecan in the form of a 1-hour i.v. infusion and 2,000 mg/m2 5-FU combined with 500 mg/m2 sodium folinic acid administered as a 24-h infusion i.v. once weekly.
RESULTS: During second-line treatment, a total of 59 patients received 520 chemotherapy applications. As the main higher-grade symptom of toxicity, diarrhea (NCI-CTC-toxicity grade 3) presented in 8 patients (13.6%, 95%CI=5.1-23.7), followed by leukocytopenia (CTC grade 3) in 3 patients (5.1%, 95%CI=0-11.9), followed by thrombocytopenia (CTC grade 3) in 1 patient (1.7%, 95%CI=0-5.1). Fifty-nine patients were evaluable for treatment response. The remission data can be summarized as follows: complete remission (CR); n=0; partial remission (PR); n=6 (10%; 95%CI=3.4-18.6); stable disease (SD); n=31 (53%; 95%CI=39.0-64.4); progressive disease (PD); n=19 (33%; 95%CI=20.3-44.1). The median progression-free survival (PFS) rate (n=59) was 4.2 months (range=3.8-5.8 months). The median survival time counted from the start of second-line treatment (n=59) 14.2 months (range 8.2-17.3 months) and the median survival time counted from the start of first-line therapy (n=59) 25 months (range 19-27 months).
CONCLUSION: Palliative second-line treatment according to the AIO regimen plus irinotecan offers both a favourable toxicity profile and promising efficacy in second-line and palliative sequential therapy.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Busse, Daniel
Medizinische Fakultät
Hagel, Alexander PD Dr.
Medizinische Klinik 1 - Gastroenterologie, Pneumologie und Endokrinologie
Neurath, Markus Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Innere Medizin I
Wein, Axel Prof. Dr.
Medizinische Fakultät


External institutions
Universität Mannheim


How to cite

APA:
Wein, A., Siebler, J., Wolff, K., Ostermeier, N., Busse, D., Hagel, A.,... Hofheinz, R.-D. (2017). Weekly High-dose 5-Fluorouracil as 24-hour Infusion Combined with Sodium Folinic Acid (AIO regimen) Plus Irinotecan in Second-line and Sequential Therapy of Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (CRC). Anticancer Research, 37(7), 3771-3779. https://dx.doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.11752

MLA:
Wein, Axel, et al. "Weekly High-dose 5-Fluorouracil as 24-hour Infusion Combined with Sodium Folinic Acid (AIO regimen) Plus Irinotecan in Second-line and Sequential Therapy of Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (CRC)." Anticancer Research 37.7 (2017): 3771-3779.

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Last updated on 2018-22-10 at 14:08