Three-Dimensional Portable Document Format (3D PDF) in Clinical Communication and Biomedical Sciences: Systematic Review of Applications, Tools, and Protocols

Journal article
(Review article)


Publication Details

Author(s): Newe A, Becker L
Journal: JMIR Medical Informatics
Publication year: 2018
Volume: 6
Journal issue: 3
Pages range: 1-22
ISSN: 2291-9694
Language: English


Abstract


Background: The Portable Document Format (PDF) is
the standard file format for the communication of biomedical information
via the internet and for electronic scholarly publishing. Although PDF
allows for the embedding of three-dimensional (3D) objects and although
this technology has great potential for the communication of such data,
it is not broadly used by the scientific community or by clinicians.



Objective: The objective of this review was to
provide an overview of existing publications that apply 3D PDF
technology and the protocols and tools for the creation of model files
and 3D PDFs for scholarly purposes to demonstrate the possibilities and
the ways to use this technology.



Methods: A systematic literature review was
performed using PubMed and Google Scholar. Articles searched for were in
English, peer-reviewed with biomedical reference, published since 2005
in a journal or presented at a conference or scientific meeting.
Ineligible articles were removed after screening. The found literature
was categorized into articles that (1) applied 3D PDF for visualization,
(2) showed ways to use 3D PDF, and (3) provided tools or protocols for
the creation of 3D PDFs or necessary models. Finally, the latter
category was analyzed in detail to provide an overview of the state of
the art.



Results: The search retrieved a total of 902
items. Screening identified 200 in-scope publications, 13 covering the
use of 3D PDF for medical purposes. Only one article described a
clinical routine use case; all others were pure research articles. The
disciplines that were covered beside medicine were many. In most cases,
either animal or human anatomies were visualized. A method, protocol,
software, library, or other tool for the creation of 3D PDFs or model
files was described in 19 articles. Most of these tools required
advanced programming skills and/or the installation of further software
packages. Only one software application presented an all-in-one solution
with a graphical user interface.



Conclusions: The use of 3D PDF for visualization
purposes in clinical communication and in biomedical publications is
still not in common use, although both the necessary technique and
suitable tools are available, and there are many arguments in favor of
this technique. The potential of 3D PDF usage should be disseminated in
the clinical and biomedical community. Furthermore, easy-to-use,
standalone, and free-of-charge software tools for the creation of 3D
PDFs should be developed.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Becker, Linda Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Gesundheitspsychologie
Newe, Axel
Lehrstuhl für Medizinische Informatik


How to cite

APA:
Newe, A., & Becker, L. (2018). Three-Dimensional Portable Document Format (3D PDF) in Clinical Communication and Biomedical Sciences: Systematic Review of Applications, Tools, and Protocols. JMIR Medical Informatics, 6(3), 1-22. https://dx.doi.org/10.2196/10295

MLA:
Newe, Axel, and Linda Becker. "Three-Dimensional Portable Document Format (3D PDF) in Clinical Communication and Biomedical Sciences: Systematic Review of Applications, Tools, and Protocols." JMIR Medical Informatics 6.3 (2018): 1-22.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-05-01 at 07:10