Thermal, Mutual, and Self-Diffusivities of Binary Liquid Mixtures Consisting of Gases Dissolved in n-Alkanes at Infinite Dilution

Journal article
(Original article)


Publication Details

Author(s): Giraudet C, Klein T, Zhao G, Rausch MH, Koller TM, Fröba AP
Journal: Journal of Physical Chemistry B
Publisher: AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Publication year: 2018
Volume: 122
Journal issue: 12
Pages range: 3163-3175
ISSN: 1520-6106
eISSN: 1520-5207
Language: English


Abstract

In the present study, dynamic light scattering (DLS) experiments and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were used for the investigation of the molecular diffusion in binary mixtures of liquids with dissolved gases at macroscopic thermodynamic equilibrium. Model systems based on the n-alkane n-hexane or n-decane with dissolved hydrogen, helium, nitrogen, or carbon monoxide were studied at temperatures between 303 and 423 K and at gas mole fractions below 0.06. With DLS, the relaxation behavior of microscopic equilibrium fluctuations in concentration and temperature is analyzed to determine simultaneously mutual and thermal diffusivity in an absolute way. The present measurements document that even for mole gas fractions of 0.007 and Lewis numbers close to 1, reliable mutual diffusivities with an average expanded uncertainty (k = 2) of 13% can be obtained. By use of suitable molecular models for the mixture components, the self diffusion coefficient of the gases was determined by MD simulations with an averaged expanded uncertainty (k = 2) of 7%. The DLS experiments showed that the thermal diffusivity of the studied systems is not affected by the dissolved gas and agrees with the reference data for the pure n-alkanes. In agreement with theory, mutual diffusivities and self-diffusivities were found to be equal mostly within combined uncertainties at conditions approaching infinite dilution of the gas. Our DLS and MD results, representing the first available data for the present systems, reveal distinctly larger mass diffusivities for mixtures containing hydrogen or helium compared to mixtures containing nitrogen or carbon monoxide. On the basis of the broad range of mass diffusivities of the studied gas-liquid systems covering about 2 orders of magnitude from about 10(-9) to 10(-7) m(2).s(-1), effects of the solvent and solute properties on the temperature-dependent mass diffusivities are discussed. This contributed to the development of a simple semiempirical correlation for the mass diffusivity of the studied gases dissolved in n-alkanes of varying chain length at infinite dilution as a function of temperature. The generalized expression requiring only information on the kinematic viscosity and molar mass of the pure solvent as well as the molar mass and acentric factor of the solute represents the database from this work and further literature with an absolute average deviation of about 11%.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Fröba, Andreas Paul Prof. Dr.-Ing.
Lehrstuhl für Advanced Optical Technologies - Thermophysical Properties
Giraudet, Cédric Dr.
Erlangen Graduate School in Advanced Optical Technologies
Klein, Tobias
Lehrstuhl für Advanced Optical Technologies - Thermophysical Properties
Koller, Thomas Manfred Dr.-Ing.
Lehrstuhl für Advanced Optical Technologies - Thermophysical Properties
Rausch, Michael Heinrich Dr.-Ing.
Lehrstuhl für Advanced Optical Technologies - Thermophysical Properties


Additional Organisation
Erlangen Graduate School in Advanced Optical Technologies


External institutions with authors

Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU) / 西安交通大学


How to cite

APA:
Giraudet, C., Klein, T., Zhao, G., Rausch, M.H., Koller, T.M., & Fröba, A.P. (2018). Thermal, Mutual, and Self-Diffusivities of Binary Liquid Mixtures Consisting of Gases Dissolved in n-Alkanes at Infinite Dilution. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 122(12), 3163-3175. https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcb.8b00733

MLA:
Giraudet, Cédric, et al. "Thermal, Mutual, and Self-Diffusivities of Binary Liquid Mixtures Consisting of Gases Dissolved in n-Alkanes at Infinite Dilution." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 122.12 (2018): 3163-3175.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-03-01 at 12:10