Separating fusion from rivalry

Journal article

Publication Details

Author(s): Kallenberger S, Schmidt C, Dechent P, Forster C, Von Steinbuechel N, Wuestenberg T, Strasburger H
Journal: PLoS ONE
Publication year: 2014
Volume: 9
Journal issue: 7
Pages range: e103037
ISSN: 1932-6203


Visual fusion is the process in which differing but compatible binocular information is transformed into a unified percept. Even though this is at the basis of binocular vision, the underlying neural processes are, as yet, poorly understood. In our study we therefore aimed to investigate neural correlates of visual fusion. To this end, we presented binocularly compatible, fusible (BF), and incompatible, rivaling (BR) stimuli, as well as an intermediate stimulus type containing both binocularly fusible and monocular, incompatible elements (BFR). Comparing BFR stimuli with BF and BR stimuli, respectively, we were able to disentangle brain responses associated with either visual fusion or rivalry. By means of functional magnetic resonance imaging, we measured brain responses to these stimulus classes in the visual cortex, and investigated them in detail at various retinal eccentricities. Compared with BF stimuli, the response to BFR stimuli was elevated in visual cortical areas V1 and V2, but not in V3 and V4 - implying that the response to monocular stimulus features decreased from V1 to V4. Compared to BR stimuli, the response to BFR stimuli decreased with increasing eccentricity, specifically within V3 and V4. Taken together, it seems that although the processing of exclusively monocular information decreases from V1 to V4, the processing of binocularly fused information increases from earlier to later visual areas. Our findings suggest the presence of an inhibitory neural mechanism which, depending on the presence of fusion, acts differently on the processing of monocular information.

FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Forster, Clemens apl. Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Physiologie
Kallenberger, Stefan Dr.
Medizinische Fakultät

External institutions with authors

Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin
Georg-August-Universität Göttingen

How to cite

Kallenberger, S., Schmidt, C., Dechent, P., Forster, C., Von Steinbuechel, N., Wuestenberg, T., & Strasburger, H. (2014). Separating fusion from rivalry. PLoS ONE, 9(7), e103037.

Kallenberger, Stefan, et al. "Separating fusion from rivalry." PLoS ONE 9.7 (2014): e103037.


Last updated on 2018-10-10 at 08:22