Subjective and Objective Video Quality Measurement in Low-Bitrate Multimedia Scenarios


Publication Details

Author(s): Barkowsky M
Publisher: Verlag Dr. Hut
Publishing place: München
Publication year: 2009
ISBN: 978-3-86853-142-8
Language: English


In recent years, many distribution channels for low-bitrate video transmissions were setup. The parameter settings for the encoder, the transmission
channel, the decoder and the playback device are manifold. In order to maintain customer satisfaction, it is necessary to carefully select and continuously
tune those parameters and to monitor the resulting video quality at the receiver. This thesis considers the quality measurement by a human observer
and by an automated algorithm.
In the first part of the thesis, several subjective tests are performed in
order to draw conclusions about the choice of transmission parameters. The
experience gained from those experiments led to three psychophysical experiments that focus on isolated aspects of the video quality in lossless or
lossy low-bitrate transmissions. Three distinct algorithms are deduced from
the subjective experiments which deal with the temporal aspects. First, the
visibility of artifacts is modeled when the viewer only has a short period
of time for the examination. Second, the influence of transmission outages
is modeled: The video playback may pause and content may be skipped if
retransmission is not possible. Third, the visual degradation introduced by
a reduction of the frame rate is modeled.
The second part of the thesis is dedicated to the objective measurement.
It is assumed that the reference video sequence is available for comparison
with the degraded sequence. Because the performance of the automated
measurement depends strongly on the correct alignment of the degraded
signal to the reference signal, various algorithms are reviewed, enhanced, and
compared that locate the corresponding reference frame for a given degraded
So far, many algorithms have been published that reliably predict the
visual quality of still images or temporally undistorted video sequences. In
this thesis, a new framework is presented that allows to evaluate the performance of these algorithms for temporally distorted video transmissions.
The processing steps and the signal representations follow the reasoning of
a human observer in a subjective experiment as observed in the first part
of the thesis. The improvements that can be achieved with the newly proposed framework are demonstrated by comparing the objective scores with
the subjective results of the comprehensive Multimedia Phase I database of
the Video Quality Experts Group.

Additional Organisation
Lehrstuhl für Multimediakommunikation und Signalverarbeitung

How to cite

Barkowsky, M. (2009). Subjective and Objective Video Quality Measurement in Low-Bitrate Multimedia Scenarios (Dissertation).

Barkowsky, Marcus. Subjective and Objective Video Quality Measurement in Low-Bitrate Multimedia Scenarios. Dissertation, München: Verlag Dr. Hut, 2009.


Last updated on 2019-10-05 at 16:38