Magma genesis and mantle dynamics at the Harrat Ash Shamah Volcanic Field (southern Syria).

Journal article
(Original article)

Publication Details

Author(s): Krienitz M, Haase K, Mezger K, Shaikh-Mashail M
Journal: Journal of Petrology
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy B - Oxford Open Option A
Publication year: 2007
Volume: 48
Pages range: 1513-1542
ISSN: 0022-3530
Language: English


A geochemical and petrological study of Miocene to recent alkali basalts, basanites, hawaiites, mugearites, trachytes, and phonolites erupted within the Harrat Ash Shamah volcanic field was performed to reconstruct the magmatic evolution of southern Syria. The major element composition of the investigated lavas is mainly controlled by fractional crystallization of olivine, clinopyroxene, ± Fe-Ti oxides and ± apatite; feldspar fractionation is restricted to the most evolved lavas. Na2O and SiO2 variations within uncontaminated, primitive lavas as well as variably fractionated heavy rare earth element ratios suggest a formation by variable degrees of partial melting of different garnet peridotite sources triggered, probably, by changes in mantle temperature. The isotopic range as well as the variable trace element enrichment observed in the lavas imply derivation from both a volatile- and incompatible element-enriched asthenosphere and from a plume component. In addition, some lavas have been affected by crustal contamination. This effect is most prominent in evolved lavas older than 3.5 Ma, which assimilated 30-40% of crustal material. In general, the periodicity of volcanism in conjunction with temporal changes in lava composition and melting regime suggest that the Syrian volcanism was triggered by a pulsing mantle plume located underneath northwestern Arabia. © The Author 2007. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Haase, Karsten Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Endogene Geodynamik

External institutions with authors

Helmholtz-Zentrum Potsdam Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum - GFZ
University of Aleppo
Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität (WWU) Münster

How to cite

Krienitz, M., Haase, K., Mezger, K., & Shaikh-Mashail, M. (2007). Magma genesis and mantle dynamics at the Harrat Ash Shamah Volcanic Field (southern Syria). Journal of Petrology, 48, 1513-1542.

Krienitz, Marc, et al. "Magma genesis and mantle dynamics at the Harrat Ash Shamah Volcanic Field (southern Syria)." Journal of Petrology 48 (2007): 1513-1542.


Last updated on 2018-09-08 at 13:23