Adverse airway events in parturient compared with non-parturient patients. Is there a difference? Results from a quality management project

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift


Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Heinrich S, Irouschek A, Prottengeier J, Ackermann A, Schmidt J
Zeitschrift: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2015
Band: 41
Heftnummer: 7
Seitenbereich: 1032-9
ISSN: 1341-8076


Abstract


The fear of airway problems often leads to prolonged attempts to obtain neuroaxial (spinal anesthesia or epidural anesthesia) anesthesia in obstetric anesthesia. The aim of this institutional quality management study was to revisit existing anesthesia care in the obstetric department, focusing on the frequency of delayed or failed neuroaxial anesthesia as well as the risk of airway problems in parturient and non-obstetric patients.The clinical records from 8 consecutive years (2005-2013) were analyzed retrospectively. Cases of cesarean delivery with general anesthesia were analyzed and compared with an age-matched group of female patients undergoing non-obstetric abdominal or gynecological surgery with rapid sequence induction. Poor laryngeal visualization (Cormack-Lehane grade III or IV) and failed intubation were recorded.The records of 6393 cesarean deliveries including 851 with general anesthesia were analyzed. In 175 cases insufficient or delayed onset of regional anesthesia led to requirement for general anesthesia. The rate of poor laryngoscopic view in parturient women undergoing cesarean delivery was 14/851, and 4/814 in the reference group (P = 0.023). Failed intubation occurred in three patients undergoing cesarean delivery (0.4%) and in one non-obstetric patient (0.1%; P = 0.339).The rate of failed intubations in patients undergoing cesarean delivery may be equivalent to non-obstetric patients. In time-challenging cesarean deliveries, delay of conversion from non-successful neuroaxial anesthesia to general anesthesia in order to avoid adverse airway events does not appear to be justified.



FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Ackermann, Andreas Dr. rer. biol. hum.
Anästhesiologische Klinik
Anästhesiologische Klinik
Heinrich, Stefan
Lehrstuhl für Innere Medizin V
Prottengeier, Johannes PD Dr.
Schmidt, Joachim Prof. Dr.
Medizinische Fakultät


Zitierweisen

APA:
Heinrich, S., Irouschek, A., Prottengeier, J., Ackermann, A., & Schmidt, J. (2015). Adverse airway events in parturient compared with non-parturient patients. Is there a difference? Results from a quality management project. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, 41(7), 1032-9. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jog.12677

MLA:
Heinrich, Stefan, et al. "Adverse airway events in parturient compared with non-parturient patients. Is there a difference? Results from a quality management project." Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research 41.7 (2015): 1032-9.

BibTeX: 

Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-10-10 um 02:22