Sport-related health competence: A competence model and test instrument for physical education

Beitrag in einem Sammelwerk


Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Töpfer C, Sygusch R
Herausgeber: A. Baca, B. Wessner, R. Diketmüller, M. Hofmann, P. Kornfeind, & E. Tsolakidis
Titel Sammelwerk: Book of Abstracts of the 21st Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science
Verlagsort: Vienna
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2016
Seitenbereich: 516
Sprache: Englisch


Abstract


Introduction In the context of an increasing focus on learning outcomes in the German educational system, sport pedagogy has been

challenged in terms of measuring pupils’ competence in physical education at school (Gogoll, 2014). Focussing on competence-related

aspects of health promotion in physical education, first of all, a theoretical model of sport-related health competence was derived (Gogoll,

2014; Sørensen et al., 2012; Töpfer & Sygusch, 2014). On this basis the following study aims on the development of a test instrument

measuring sport-related health competence. Methods A paper and pencil test was designed to assess sport-related health competence,

targeting pupils in classes 7 to 10 in German schools. A combination of quantitative and qualitative methods were used to develop the

test. Items were developed and selected on the basis of three pretests with pupils (N = 312), and three expert ratings involving sports

scientists, students and teachers (N = 38). Final testing of the instrument included a sample of 670 pupils aged 12 to 17 (mean = 14.4). The

test consisted of 33 items representing the three dimensions of the competence model. Item selection and test scaling utilised statistical

methods based on both classical test theory and item response theory. Results Selected results based in particular on item response

theory are summarised as follows. The mean value for item difficulty overall (item parameter ;i) is intermediate (mean = 0.09; SD = 1.36;

Min = -2.36; Max = 3.49). The applicability of the Rasch model (Partial Credit Model) was successfully proved for a subset of 25 items (LRtest:

2 = 50.81; df = 40; p = 0.118). The test exhibits an acceptable level of reliability (EAP/PV = 0.79). All items show good values for item

fit based on weighted mean square (WMNSQ) within the range 0.8-1.2. Discussion The study was successful in developing a comprehensive

test measuring sport-related health competence. As some items were found unsuitable during the process of item development, it

would be valuable to expand the pool of test items in order to cover the broad range of health-related topics in physical education. In

addition, the scope of the test should be extended so it can be used with younger and older pupils to assess progress in sport-related

health competence at school. References Gogoll, A. (2014). Das Modell der sport- und bewegungskulturellen Kompetenz und seine

Implikationen für die Aufgabenkultur im Sportunterricht.



FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Sygusch, Ralf Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Sportpädagogik (Sportdidaktik)
Töpfer, Clemens
Lehrstuhl für Sportpädagogik (Sportdidaktik)


Zitierweisen

APA:
Töpfer, C., & Sygusch, R. (2016). Sport-related health competence: A competence model and test instrument for physical education. In A. Baca, B. Wessner, R. Diketmüller, M. Hofmann, P. Kornfeind, & E. Tsolakidis (Eds.), Book of Abstracts of the 21st Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science. (pp. 516). Vienna.

MLA:
Töpfer, Clemens, and Ralf Sygusch. "Sport-related health competence: A competence model and test instrument for physical education." Book of Abstracts of the 21st Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science. Ed. A. Baca, B. Wessner, R. Diketmüller, M. Hofmann, P. Kornfeind, & E. Tsolakidis, Vienna, 2016. 516.

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