Accuracy of prospectively ECG-triggered very low-dose coronary dual-source CT angiography using iterative reconstruction for the detection of coronary artery stenosis: comparison with invasive catheterization

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Layritz C, Schmid J, Achenbach S, Ulzheimer S, Wüst W, May M, Ropers D, Klinghammer L, Daniel W, Pflederer T, Lell M
Journal: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication year: 2014
Volume: 15
Journal issue: 11
Pages range: 1238-45
ISSN: 2047-2404
eISSN: 2047-2412


Abstract


To evaluate the image quality and diagnostic accuracy of very low-dose computed tomography (CT) angiography (CTA) for the evaluation of coronary artery stenosis.Iterative reconstruction (IR) has shown to substantially reduce image noise and hence permit the use of very low-dose data acquisition protocols in coronary CTA.Fifty symptomatic patients with an intermediate likelihood for coronary artery disease underwent coronary CTA (heart rate: 59 ± 5 bpm, prospectively ECG-triggered axial acquisition, 100 kV, 160 mAs, 2 × 128 × 0.6 mm collimation, 60 mL contrast, 6 mL/s) prior to invasive coronary angiography. CTA images were reconstructed using both standard filtered back projection (FBP) and a raw data-based IR algorithm [Sinogram Affirmed Iterative Reconstruction (SAFIRE), Siemens Healthcare]. Subjective image quality (four-point Likert scale from 0 = non-diagnostic to 3 = excellent image quality), image noise, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), as well as the presence of coronary stenosis >50% were independently determined by two observers.The mean dose-length product was 46.8 ± 3.5 mGy cm (estimated effective dose 0.66 ± 0.05 mSv). IR led to significantly improved objective image quality compared with FBP (image noise: 41 ± 12 vs. 49 ± 11 HU, P < 0.0001; CNR: 16 ± 8 vs. 12 ± 4, P < 0.0001; SNR: 13 ± 7 vs. 10 ± 3, P < 0.0001). Four coronary segments were not evaluable on FBP data, whereas all segments showed diagnostic image quality with IR. To detect significant coronary stenosis, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 69% (11/16), 97% (175/180), 69% (11/16), and 97% (175/180) per vessel with FBP data sets, respectively. With IR data sets, the corresponding values were 81% (13/16), 97% (178/184), 68% (13/19), and 98% (178/181). These differences were not statistically significant (P = 0.617).Raw data-based IR significantly improves image quality in very low-dose prospectively ECG-triggered coronary dual-source CTA when compared with standard reconstruction using FBP.



FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Daniel, Werner Prof. Dr.
Medizinische Fakultät
Lell, Michael Prof. Dr.
Medizinische Fakultät
May, Matthias PD Dr.
Radiologisches Institut
Ropers, Dieter Prof. Dr.
Medizinische Fakultät
Schmid, Julia
Professur für Immunologie
Wüst, Wolfgang PD Dr.
Medizinische Fakultät


External institutions with authors

Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
Siemens AG, Healthcare Sector


How to cite

APA:
Layritz, C., Schmid, J., Achenbach, S., Ulzheimer, S., Wüst, W., May, M.,... Lell, M. (2014). Accuracy of prospectively ECG-triggered very low-dose coronary dual-source CT angiography using iterative reconstruction for the detection of coronary artery stenosis: comparison with invasive catheterization. European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging, 15(11), 1238-45. https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ehjci/jeu113

MLA:
Layritz, Christian, et al. "Accuracy of prospectively ECG-triggered very low-dose coronary dual-source CT angiography using iterative reconstruction for the detection of coronary artery stenosis: comparison with invasive catheterization." European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging 15.11 (2014): 1238-45.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2018-10-10 at 02:18