Simultaneous Application of Heat, Drought, and Virus to Arabidopsis Plants Reveals Significant Shifts in Signaling Networks

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Prasch C, Sonnewald U
Journal: Plant Physiology
Publisher: AMER SOC PLANT BIOLOGISTS
Publication year: 2013
Volume: 162
Journal issue: 4
Pages range: 1849-1866
ISSN: 0032-0889


Abstract


Considering global climate change, the incidence of combined drought and heat stress is likely to increase in the future and will considerably influence plant-pathogen interactions. Until now, little has been known about plants exposed to simultaneously occurring abiotic and biotic stresses. To shed some light on molecular plant responses to multiple stress factors, a versatile multifactorial test system, allowing simultaneous application of heat, drought, and virus stress, was developed in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). Comparative analysis of single, double, and triple stress responses by transcriptome and metabolome analysis revealed that gene expression under multifactorial stress is not predictable from single stress treatments. Hierarchical cluster and principal component analyses identified heat as the major stress factor, clearly separating heat-stressed from nonheat-stressed plants. We identified 11 genes differentially regulated in all stress combinations as well as 23 genes specifically regulated under triple stress. Furthermore, we showed that virus-treated plants displayed enhanced expression of defense genes, which was abolished in plants additionally subjected to heat and drought stress. Triple stress also reduced the expression of genes involved in the R-mediated disease response and increased the cytoplasmic protein response, which was not seen under single stress conditions. These observations suggested that abiotic stress factors significantly altered turnip mosaic virus-specific signaling networks, which led to a deactivation of defense responses and a higher susceptibility of plants. Collectively, our transcriptome and metabolome data provide a powerful resource to study plant responses during multifactorial stress and allow identifying metabolic processes and functional networks involved in tripartite interactions of plants with their environment.



FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Prasch, Christian Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Biochemie
Sonnewald, Uwe Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Biochemie


How to cite

APA:
Prasch, C., & Sonnewald, U. (2013). Simultaneous Application of Heat, Drought, and Virus to Arabidopsis Plants Reveals Significant Shifts in Signaling Networks. Plant Physiology, 162(4), 1849-1866. https://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.113.221044

MLA:
Prasch, Christian, and Uwe Sonnewald. "Simultaneous Application of Heat, Drought, and Virus to Arabidopsis Plants Reveals Significant Shifts in Signaling Networks." Plant Physiology 162.4 (2013): 1849-1866.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2018-08-08 at 06:54