Acrylonitrile exposure assessment in the emergency responders of a major train accident in Belgium: A human biomonitoring study

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Van Nieuwenhuyse A, Fierens S, De Smedt T, De Cremer K, Vleminckx C, Mertens B, Van Overmeire I, Bader M, De Paepe P, Göen T, Nemery B, Schettgen T, Stove C, Van Oyen H, Van Loco J
Journal: Toxicology Letters
Publication year: 2014
Volume: 231
Journal issue: 3
Pages range: 352-9
ISSN: 0378-4274


Abstract

On May 4, 2013, a train transporting chemicals derailed in Wetteren, Belgium. Several tanks loaded with acrylonitrile (ACN) exploded, resulting in a fire and a leakage of ACN.To determine exposure to ACN and to assess discriminating factors for ACN exposure in the emergency responders involved in the on-site management of the train accident.The study population consisted of 841 emergency responders. Between May 21 and June 28, they gave blood for the determination of N-2-cyanoethylvaline (CEV) hemoglobin adducts and urine for the measurement of cotinine. They also filled in a short questionnaire.163 (26%) non-smokers and 55 (27%) smokers showed CEV concentrations above the reference values of 10 and 200pmol/g globin, respectively. The 95th percentile in the non-smokers was 73pmol/g globin and the maximum was 452pmol/g globin. ACN exposure among the non-smokers was predicted by (1) the distance to the accident, (2) the duration of exposure, and (3) the occupational function.Emergency responders involved in the on-site management of the train accident were clearly exposed to ACN from the accident. However, the extent of exposure remained relatively moderate with CEV concentrations staying within the ranges described in literature as background for a smoking population. Moreover, the exposure was less pronounced in the emergency responders as compared to that in the local population.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Göen, Thomas Prof. Dr.
Medizinische Fakultät


External institutions with authors

BASF SE
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (KUL) / Catholic University of Leuven
Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule (RWTH) Aachen
Scientific Institute of Public Health
Universiteit Gent (UGent) / Ghent University
University Hospital Ghent


How to cite

APA:
Van Nieuwenhuyse, A., Fierens, S., De Smedt, T., De Cremer, K., Vleminckx, C., Mertens, B.,... Van Loco, J. (2014). Acrylonitrile exposure assessment in the emergency responders of a major train accident in Belgium: A human biomonitoring study. Toxicology Letters, 231(3), 352-9. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxlet.2014.08.013

MLA:
Van Nieuwenhuyse, A., et al. "Acrylonitrile exposure assessment in the emergency responders of a major train accident in Belgium: A human biomonitoring study." Toxicology Letters 231.3 (2014): 352-9.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2018-09-10 at 02:24