Bioactive copper-doped glass scaffolds can stimulate endothelial cells in co-culture in combination with mesenchymal stem cells

Journal article
(Original article)


Publication Details

Author(s): Rath SN, Brandl A, Hiller D, Hoppe A, Gbureck U, Horch RE, Boccaccini AR, Kneser U
Journal: PLoS ONE
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Publication year: 2014
Volume: 9
Journal issue: 12
ISSN: 1932-6203


Abstract


Bioactive glass (BG) scaffolds are being investigated for bone tissue engineering applications because of their osteoconductive and angiogenic nature. However, to increase the in vivo performance of the scaffold, including enhancing the angiogenetic growth into the scaffolds, some researchers use different modifications of the scaffold including addition of inorganic ionic components to the basic BG composition. In this study, we investigated the in vitro biocompatibility and bioactivity of Cu-doped BG derived scaffolds in either BMSC (bone-marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells)-only culture or co-culture of BMSC and human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HDMEC). In BMSC-only culture, cells were seeded either directly on the scaffolds (3D or direct culture) or were exposed to ionic dissolution products of the BG scaffolds, kept in permeable cell culture inserts (2D or indirect culture). Though we did not observe any direct osteoinduction of BMSCs by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) assay or by PCR, there was increased vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression, observed by PCR and ELISA assays. Additionally, the scaffolds showed no toxicity to BMSCs and there were healthy live cells found throughout the scaffold. To analyze further the reasons behind the increased VEGF expression and to exploit the benefits of the finding, we used the indirect method with HDMECs in culture plastic and Cu-doped BG scaffolds with or without BMSCs in cell culture inserts. There was clear observation of increased endothelial markers by both FACS analysis and acetylated LDL (acLDL) uptake assay. Only in presence of Cu-doped BG scaffolds with BMSCs, a high VEGF secretion was demonstrated by ELISA; and typical tubular structures were observed in culture plastics. We conclude that Cu-doped BG scaffolds release Cu, which in turn act on BMSCs to secrete VEGF. This result is of significance for the application of BG scaffolds in bone tissue engineering approaches.



FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Boccaccini, Aldo R. Prof. Dr.-Ing.
Lehrstuhl für Werkstoffwissenschaften (Biomaterialien)
Hoppe, Alexander
Lehrstuhl für Werkstoffwissenschaften (Biomaterialien)
Horch, Raymund E. Prof. Dr.
Professur für Plastische Chirurgie und Handchirurgie


External institutions with authors

Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg


How to cite

APA:
Rath, S.N., Brandl, A., Hiller, D., Hoppe, A., Gbureck, U., Horch, R.E.,... Kneser, U. (2014). Bioactive copper-doped glass scaffolds can stimulate endothelial cells in co-culture in combination with mesenchymal stem cells. PLoS ONE, 9(12). https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113319

MLA:
Rath, Subha N., et al. "Bioactive copper-doped glass scaffolds can stimulate endothelial cells in co-culture in combination with mesenchymal stem cells." PLoS ONE 9.12 (2014).

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-18-07 at 07:13