Comparative studies of different types of osteosynthesis on the human corpse preparation in bilateral antero-lateral flail chest

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift


Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Grupp S, Fürst V, Buder T, Fichte A, Krinner S, Carbon RT, Hennig F, Langenbach A, Schulz-Drost S
Zeitschrift: Injury-International Journal of the Care of the Injured
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2017
Band: 48
Heftnummer: 12
Seitenbereich: 2709-2716
ISSN: 0020-1383


Abstract


Bilateral flail chest injuries are challenging in treatment and comparatively often require an operative stabilization of the anterior chest wall to re-establish normal physiological conditions of the chest wall in shape and statics. Various procedures have been described which are technically sophisticated for the surgeon. Consequently there is an increasing interest in potentials of operative care and their effectiveness on the anterolateral chest wall.12 Human cadavers were prepared and the natural Sternum Position (NP) was marked. A digital probe was fixed to the sternum at the height of the 4th intercostal space in order to measure and compare the stability of the thorax. Readings were taken of the sternal displacement at 1-5cm sagittal distance from NP in starting conditions and from every combination of materials. Serial osteotomies were performed on 2 locations on ribs 2-8 to induce bilateral flail chest. Afterwards the stabilization was achieved with different implants: RESULTS: The osteotomies lead to a subsidence of the sternum occurred to almost 75 mm from NP which corresponds to a maximal unstable situation. The unstable chest wall showed substantially more stabilization through the use of locking plates. Our materialcombinations showed a stability of up to 60% of normal. The more ribs were treated osteosynthetically, the higher the stability of the chest wall.Locking plate fixation offers anatomically realignment of the ribs whereas metal strut support only lifts up the chest wall, but could not provide realignment of the dislocated ribs.



FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Buder, Thomas Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Anatomie und Zellbiologie
Fichte, Alexander
Urologische Klinik
Fürst, Veronika
Anästhesiologische Klinik
Grupp, Sina Dr. med.
Unfallchirurgische Abteilung in der Chirurgischen Klinik
Hennig, Friedrich Prof. Dr.
Unfallchirurgische Abteilung in der Chirurgischen Klinik
Schulz-Drost, Stefan PD Dr.
Medizinische Fakultät


Zitierweisen

APA:
Grupp, S., Fürst, V., Buder, T., Fichte, A., Krinner, S., Carbon, R.T.,... Schulz-Drost, S. (2017). Comparative studies of different types of osteosynthesis on the human corpse preparation in bilateral antero-lateral flail chest. Injury-International Journal of the Care of the Injured, 48(12), 2709-2716. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2017.10.015

MLA:
Grupp, Sina, et al. "Comparative studies of different types of osteosynthesis on the human corpse preparation in bilateral antero-lateral flail chest." Injury-International Journal of the Care of the Injured 48.12 (2017): 2709-2716.

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Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-09-10 um 02:15