Chairside CAD/CAM materials. Part 2: Flexural strength testing

Journal article

Publication Details

Author(s): Wendler M, Belli R, Petschelt A, Mevec D, Harrer W, Lube T, Danzer R, Lohbauer U
Journal: Dental Materials
Publication year: 2017
Volume: 33
Journal issue: 1
Pages range: 99-109
ISSN: 0109-5641


Strength is one of the preferred parameters used in dentistry for determining clinical indication of dental restoratives. However, small dimensions of CAD/CAM blocks limit reliable measurements with standardized uniaxial bending tests. The objective of this study was to introduce the ball-on-three-ball (B3B) biaxial strength test for dental for small CAD/CAM block in the context of the size effect on strength predicted by the Weibull theory.Eight representative chairside CAD/CAM materials ranging from polycrystalline zirconia (e.max ZirCAD, Ivoclar-Vivadent), reinforced glasses (Vitablocs Mark II, VITA; Empress CAD, Ivoclar-Vivadent) and glass-ceramics (e.max CAD, Ivoclar-Vivadent; Suprinity, VITA; Celtra Duo, Dentsply) to hybrid materials (Enamic, VITA; Lava Ultimate, 3M ESPE) have been selected. Specimens were prepared with highly polished surfaces in rectangular plate (12×12×1.2mm3) or round disc (Ø=12mm, thickness=1.2mm) geometries. Specimens were tested using the B3B assembly and the biaxial strength was determined using calculations derived from finite element analyses of the respective stress fields. Size effects on strength were determined based on results from 4-point-bending specimens.A good agreement was found between the biaxial strength results for the different geometries (plates vs. discs) using the B3B test. Strength values ranged from 110.9MPa (Vitablocs Mark II) to 1303.21MPa (e.max ZirCAD). The strength dependency on specimen size was demonstrated through the calculated effective volume/surface.The B3B test has shown to be a reliable and simple method for determining the biaxial strength restorative materials supplied as small CAD/CAM blocks. A flexible solution was made available for the B3B test in the rectangular plate geometry.

FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Belli, Renan Dr.
Zahnklinik 1 - Zahnerhaltung und Parodontologie
Lohbauer, Ulrich Prof. Dr.
Medizinische Fakultät
Petschelt, Anselm Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Zahn-,Mund- und Kieferheilkunde, insbesondere Zahnerhaltung, Parodontologie und Kinderzahnheilkunde

External institutions with authors

Montanuniversität Leoben

How to cite

Wendler, M., Belli, R., Petschelt, A., Mevec, D., Harrer, W., Lube, T.,... Lohbauer, U. (2017). Chairside CAD/CAM materials. Part 2: Flexural strength testing. Dental Materials, 33(1), 99-109.

Wendler, Michael, et al. "Chairside CAD/CAM materials. Part 2: Flexural strength testing." Dental Materials 33.1 (2017): 99-109.


Last updated on 2018-08-10 at 08:31