Light-field driven currents in graphene

Journal article

Publication Details

Author(s): Higuchi T, Heide C, Ullmann K, Weber HB, Hommelhoff P
Journal: arXiv
Publication year: 2016
Volume: 12
ISSN: 2331-8442
Language: English


Ultrafast electron dynamics in solids under strong optical fields has recently found particular attention. In dielectrics and semiconductors, various light-field-driven effects have been explored, such as high-harmonic generation, sub-optical-cycle interband population transfer and nonperturbative increase of transient polarizability. In contrast, much less is known about field-driven electron dynamics in metals because charge carriers screen an external electric field in ordinary metals. Here we show that atomically thin monolayer Graphene offers unique opportunities to study light-field-driven processes in a metal. With a comparably modest field strength of up to 0.3 V/{\AA}, we drive combined interband and intraband electron dynamics, leading to a light-field-waveform controlled residual conduction current after the laser pulse is gone. We identify the underlying pivotal physical mechanism as electron quantum-path interference taking place on the 1-femtosecond (10-15s)timescale. The process can be categorized as Landau-Zener-St\"uckelberg interferometry. These fully coherent electron dynamics in graphene take place on a hitherto unexplored timescale faster than electron-electron scattering (tens of femtoseconds) and electron-phonon scattering (hundreds of femtoseconds). These results broaden the scope of light-field control of electrons in solids to an entirely new and eminently important material class -- metals -- promising wide ramifications for band structure tomography and light-field-driven electronics.

FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Heide, Christian
Lehrstuhl für Laserphysik
Higuchi, Takuya Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Laserphysik
Hommelhoff, Peter Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Laserphysik
Ullmann, Konrad
Lehrstuhl für Angewandte Physik
Weber, Heiko B. Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Angewandte Physik

Additional Organisation
Sonderforschungsbereich 953/2 Synthetische Kohlenstoffallotrope

How to cite

Higuchi, T., Heide, C., Ullmann, K., Weber, H.B., & Hommelhoff, P. (2016). Light-field driven currents in graphene. arXiv, 12.

Higuchi, Takuya, et al. "Light-field driven currents in graphene." arXiv 12 (2016).


Last updated on 2018-07-08 at 23:16