Periodic climate cooling enhanced natural disasters and wars in China during AD 10–1900.

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift


Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Zhang Z, Tian H, Cazelles B, Kausrud KL, Bräuning A, Guo F, Stenseth NC
Titel Sammelwerk: Proceedings of the Royal Society Ser
Zeitschrift: Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences
Verlag: Royal Society, The
Verlagsort: .
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2010
Band: 277
Heftnummer: 1701
Seitenbereich: 3745–3753
ISSN: 0962-8452
Sprache: Englisch


Abstract


Recent studies have linked climatic and social instabilities in ancient China; the underlying causal mechanisms have, however, often not been quantitatively assessed. Here, using historical records and palaeoclimatic reconstructions during AD 10-1900, we demonstrate that war frequency, price of rice, locust plague, drought frequency, flood frequency and temperature in China show two predominant periodic bands around 160 and 320 years where they interact significantly with each other. Temperature cooling shows direct positive association with the frequency of external aggression war to the Chinese dynasties mostly from the northern pastoral nomadic societies, and indirect positive association with the frequency of internal war within the Chinese dynasties through drought and locust plagues. The collapses of the agricultural dynasties of the Han, Tang, Song and Ming are more closely associated with low temperature. Our study suggests that food production during the last two millennia has been more unstable during cooler periods, resulting in more social conflicts owing to rebellions within the dynasties or/and southward aggressions from northern pastoral nomadic societies in ancient China.



FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Bräuning, Achim Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Geographie (Physische Geographie)


Einrichtungen weiterer Autorinnen und Autoren

University of Oslo


Zitierweisen

APA:
Zhang, Z., Tian, H., Cazelles, B., Kausrud, K.L., Bräuning, A., Guo, F., & Stenseth, N.C. (2010). Periodic climate cooling enhanced natural disasters and wars in China during AD 10–1900. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 277(1701), 3745–3753. https://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2010.0890

MLA:
Zhang, Zhibin, et al. "Periodic climate cooling enhanced natural disasters and wars in China during AD 10–1900." Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 277.1701 (2010): 3745–3753.

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Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-07-08 um 23:09