Comparison of clinical outcome variables in patients with and without etomidate-facilitated anesthesia induction ahead of major cardiac surgery: a retrospective analysis

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Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Heinrich S, Schmidt J, Ackermann A, Moritz A, Harig F, Castellanos I
Zeitschrift: Critical Care
Verlag: BioMed Central
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2014
Band: 18
Heftnummer: 4
Seitenbereich: R150
ISSN: 1466-609X


Abstract


It is well known that etomidate may cause adrenal insufficiency. However, the clinical relevance of adrenal suppression after a single dose of etomidate remains vague. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the administration of a single dose of etomidate or an alternative induction regime ahead of major cardiac surgery and clinical outcome parameters associated with adrenal suppression and onset of sepsis.The anesthesia and intensive care unit (ICU) records from patients undergoing cardiac surgery over five consecutive years (2008 to 2012) were retrospectively analyzed. The focus of the analysis was on clinical parameters like mortality, ventilation hours, renal failure, and sepsis-linked serum parameters. Multivariate analysis and Cox regression were applied to derive the results.In total, 3,054 patient records were analyzed. A group of 1,775 (58%) patients received a single dose of etomidate; 1,279 (42%) patients did not receive etomidate at any time. There was no difference in distribution of age, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical score, duration of surgery, and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score. Postoperative data showed no significant differences between the two groups in regard to mortality (6.8% versus 6.4%), mean of mechanical ventilation hours (21.2 versus 19.7), days in the ICU (2.6 versus 2.5), hospital days (18.7 versus 17.4), sepsis-associated parameters, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score, and incidence of renal failure. Administration of etomidate showed no significant influence (P = 0.6) on hospital mortality in the multivariate Cox analysis.This study found no evidence for differences in key clinical outcome parameters based on anesthesia induction with or without administration of a single dose of etomidate. In consequence, etomidate might remain an acceptable option for single-dose anesthesia induction.



FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Ackermann, Andreas Dr. rer. biol. hum.
Anästhesiologische Klinik
Harig, Frank PD Dr.
Herzchirurgische Klinik
Heinrich, Stefan
Lehrstuhl für Innere Medizin V
Moritz, Andreas Dr. med.
Anästhesiologische Klinik
Schmidt, Joachim Prof. Dr.
Medizinische Fakultät


Zitierweisen

APA:
Heinrich, S., Schmidt, J., Ackermann, A., Moritz, A., Harig, F., & Castellanos, I. (2014). Comparison of clinical outcome variables in patients with and without etomidate-facilitated anesthesia induction ahead of major cardiac surgery: a retrospective analysis. Critical Care, 18(4), R150. https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/cc13988

MLA:
Heinrich, Stefan, et al. "Comparison of clinical outcome variables in patients with and without etomidate-facilitated anesthesia induction ahead of major cardiac surgery: a retrospective analysis." Critical Care 18.4 (2014): R150.

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Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-08-10 um 02:47