Modeling of the formation and reaction properties of biomass

Conference contribution
(Conference Contribution)


Publication Details

Author(s): Müller K, Lobanova O, Mokrushina L, Arlt W
Publication year: 2011
ISBN: 9780816910700


Abstract


A systematic development of new processes, avoiding the development of energetically inefficient processes, requires knowledge of the thermodynamic data of the biomass used. In light of this, a study was carried out to determine the formation and reaction properties of such biomass compounds, as well as other thermodynamic properties. A group of model reactions, e.g., conversion of saccharides or lignin to biofuels like methane or hydrogen, were evaluated. The free energy of formation was a linear function of the degree of polymerization. The equilibrium yields and conversions were estimated by balancing enthalpy and Gibbs' energy of the respective reactions. The production of gaseous products, e.g., hydrogen or methane from saccharides at low temperatures, was thermodynamically possible. The equilibrium yield could be further increased by lowering the system pressure. This allows the gaseous products to leave the system and shift the equilibrium position towards product formation. The addition of inert gas can also be used to increase the formation of hydrogen. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting (Minneapolis, MN 10/16-21/2011).



FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Arlt, Wolfgang Prof. Dr.-Ing.
Lehrstuhl für Thermische Verfahrenstechnik
Mokrushina, Liudmila Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Thermische Verfahrenstechnik
Müller, Karsten PD Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Thermische Verfahrenstechnik


How to cite

APA:
Müller, K., Lobanova, O., Mokrushina, L., & Arlt, W. (2011). Modeling of the formation and reaction properties of biomass. In Proceedings of the 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting, 11AIChE. Minneapolis, MN.

MLA:
Müller, Karsten, et al. "Modeling of the formation and reaction properties of biomass." Proceedings of the 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting, 11AIChE, Minneapolis, MN 2011.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-27-07 at 07:11