GABAA receptor modulation by terpenoids from Sideritis extracts

Journal article

Publication Details

Author(s): Kessler A, Sahin-Nadeem H, Lummis S, Weigel I, Pischetsrieder M, Büttner AK, Villmann C
Journal: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag
Publication year: 2014
Volume: 58
Journal issue: 4
Pages range: 851-862
ISSN: 1613-4125


Scope: GABAA receptors are modulated by Sideritis extracts. The aim of this study was to identify single substances from Sideritis extracts responsible for GABAA receptor modulation. Methods and results: Single volatile substances identified by GC have been tested in two expression systems, Xenopus oocytes and human embryonic kidney cells. Some of these substances, especially carvacrol, were highly potent on GABAA receptors composed of α1β2 and α1β2γ2 subunits. All effects measured were independent from the presence of the γ2 subunit. As Sideritis extracts contain a high amount of terpenes, 13 terpenes with similar structure elements were tested in the same way. Following a prescreening on α1β2 GABAA receptors, a high-throughput method was used for identification of the most effective terpenoid substances on GABA-affinity of α1β2γ2 receptors expressed in transfected cell lines. Isopulegol, pinocarveol, verbenol, and myrtenol were the most potent modifiers of GABAA receptor function. Conclusion: Comparing the chemical structures, the action of terpenes on GABAA receptors is most probably due to the presence of hydroxyl groups and a bicyclic character of the substances tested. We propose an allosteric modulation independent from the γ2 subunit and similar to the action of alcohols and anesthetics. © 2013 The Authors.

FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Büttner, Andrea Karin PD Dr.
Professur für Aromaforschung
Kessler, Artur
Professur für Aromaforschung
Pischetsrieder, Monika Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Lebensmittelchemie (Henriette-Schmidt-Burkhardt Lehrstuhl)
Weigel, Ingrid
Lehrstuhl für Lebensmittelchemie (Henriette-Schmidt-Burkhardt Lehrstuhl)

Additional Organisation
Emil-Fischer-Zentrum (Emil Fischer Center)

How to cite

Kessler, A., Sahin-Nadeem, H., Lummis, S., Weigel, I., Pischetsrieder, M., Büttner, A.K., & Villmann, C. (2014). GABAA receptor modulation by terpenoids from Sideritis extracts. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, 58(4), 851-862.

Kessler, Artur, et al. "GABAA receptor modulation by terpenoids from Sideritis extracts." Molecular Nutrition & Food Research 58.4 (2014): 851-862.


Last updated on 2018-11-07 at 18:23