Examining risk and resilience factors for depression: The role of self-criticism and self-compassion

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Details zur Publikation

Autor(en): Ehret A, Joormann J, Berking M
Zeitschrift: Cognition & Emotion
Verlag: Taylor & Francis (Psychology Press): STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Titles / Taylor & Francis (Psychology Press)
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2015
Band: 29
Heftnummer: 8
Seitenbereich: 1496-1504
ISSN: 0269-9931
Sprache: Englisch


Abstract


Whereas self-criticism has been proposed as an important risk factor for major depressive disorder (MDD), self-compassion has been suggested as a resilience factor that protects against the development and maintenance of depressive episodes. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that frequent self-criticism and low habitual self-compassion are related to concurrent depression and to vulnerability to depression by comparing groups of currently, remitted and never depressed individuals. As expected, both currently and remitted depressed individuals reported higher levels of self-criticism and lower self-compassion than never depressed controls. Individual differences in self-criticism and self-compassion were related to depression status above and beyond additional potential correlates of MDD (i.e., perfectionistic beliefs and cognitions, rumination and overall adaptive emotion regulation). The findings provide support for the idea that increased self-criticism and decreased self-compassion place certain individuals at increased risk for experiencing depression repeatedly or chronically over the course of their lives.



FAU-Autoren / FAU-Herausgeber

Berking, Matthias Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie


Autor(en) der externen Einrichtung(en)
Philipps-Universität Marburg


Zitierweisen

APA:
Ehret, A., Joormann, J., & Berking, M. (2015). Examining risk and resilience factors for depression: The role of self-criticism and self-compassion. Cognition & Emotion, 29(8), 1496-1504. https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2014.992394

MLA:
Ehret, Anna, Jutta Joormann, and Matthias Berking. "Examining risk and resilience factors for depression: The role of self-criticism and self-compassion." Cognition & Emotion 29.8 (2015): 1496-1504.

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Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-11-08 um 03:09