Predictors of Self-Rated Health: Does Education Play a Role Above and Beyond Age?

Journal article
(Original article)

Publication Details

Author(s): Spuling SM, Huxhold O, Wurm S, Tesch-Römer C
Journal: Journals of Gerontology, Series B
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy B - Oxford Open Option D
Publication year: 2015
Volume: 30
Journal issue: 2
Pages range: 462-474
ISSN: 1079-5014


Objectives. Previous studies have demonstrated that while health factors lose importance for the individual conceptualization of self-rated health (SRH) with advancing age, subjective well-being (SWB) factors gain in importance. The present study examined whether this age-related pattern differs between educational groups.Method. Longitudinal data of adults aged 40 years and older of the German Ageing Survey was used (N = 6,812). The role of education in age-related changes in the predictive value of different health and SWB facets for SRH was investigated with a cross-lagged panel regression model.Results. Physical conditions were a stronger predictor in lower than in higher educated individuals while age-related declines in the importance of physical conditions for SRH were independent of education. In contrast, positive affect and life satisfaction only gained in importance with advancing age for higher educated individuals. Negative affect and loneliness had a stronger association with SRH in people with low or middle education compared to those with high education while the associations did not change with age.Discussion. The findings highlight the importance of considering the multidimensionality of SWB and the educational background of individuals for the study of SRH and indicate possible limits to adjustment to age-related declines in health.

FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Wurm, Susanne Prof. Dr.
Professur für Psychogerontologie

Research Fields

Healthy Ageing: preventive approach
Professur für Psychogerontologie

How to cite

Spuling, S.M., Huxhold, O., Wurm, S., & Tesch-Römer, C. (2015). Predictors of Self-Rated Health: Does Education Play a Role Above and Beyond Age? Journals of Gerontology, Series B, 30(2), 462-474.

Spuling, Svenja M., et al. "Predictors of Self-Rated Health: Does Education Play a Role Above and Beyond Age?" Journals of Gerontology, Series B 30.2 (2015): 462-474.


Last updated on 2018-07-08 at 04:57