A protein functional leap: how a single mutation reverses the function of the transcription regulator TetR

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Resch M, Striegl H, Henssler E, Sevvana M, Egerer-Sieber C, Schiltz E, Hillen W, Muller Y
Journal: Nucleic Acids Research
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy C - Option B / Oxford University Press
Publication year: 2008
Volume: 36
Pages range: 4390-4401
ISSN: 0305-1048
eISSN: 1362-4962


Abstract


Today's proteome is the result of innumerous gene duplication, mutagenesis, drift and selection processes. Whereas random mutagenesis introduces predominantly only gradual changes in protein function, a case can be made that an abrupt switch in function caused by single amino acid substitutions will not only considerably further evolution but might constitute a prerequisite for the appearance of novel functionalities for which no promiscuous protein intermediates can be envisaged. Recently, tetracycline repressor (TetR) variants were identified in which binding of tetracycline triggers the repressor to associate with and not to dissociate from the operator DNA as in wild-type TetR. We investigated the origin of this activity reversal by limited proteolysis, CD spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography. We show that the TetR mutant Leu17Gly switches its function via a disorder-order mechanism that differs completely from the allosteric mechanism of wild-type TetR. Our study emphasizes how single point mutations can engender unexpected leaps in protein function thus enabling the appearance of new functionalities in proteins without the need for promiscuous intermediates. © 2008 The Author(s).



FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Muller, Yves Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Biotechnik (Proteinstruktur und -design)
Sevvana, Madhumati Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Biotechnik (Proteinstruktur und -design)


How to cite

APA:
Resch, M., Striegl, H., Henssler, E., Sevvana, M., Egerer-Sieber, C., Schiltz, E.,... Muller, Y. (2008). A protein functional leap: how a single mutation reverses the function of the transcription regulator TetR. Nucleic Acids Research, 36, 4390-4401. https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkn400

MLA:
Resch, Marcus, et al. "A protein functional leap: how a single mutation reverses the function of the transcription regulator TetR." Nucleic Acids Research 36 (2008): 4390-4401.

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Last updated on 2018-30-05 at 07:27