Cardenolide genin pattern in Isoplexis plants and shoot cultures.

Journal article
(Original article)

Publication Details

Author(s): Schaller F, Kreis W
Journal: Planta Medica
Publisher: Georg Thieme Verlag
Publication year: 2006
Volume: 72
Journal issue: 12
Pages range: 1149-1156
ISSN: 0032-0943
Language: English


An HPLC method for the quantitative analysis of cardenolides was developed and applied. The procedure was optimised for analysing small samples (40 mg dw) of plant and tissue culture material. Isoplexis canariensis plants obtained from seeds accumulated cardenolides to about 20-40 μmol g-1 dw as calculated from the levels of cardenolide genins released after acidic hydrolysis of methanolic extracts. The relative contents of xysmalogenin, digitoxigenin, uzarigenin and canarigenin were 5-15%, 0-5%, 10-15% and 70-90%, respectively. Shoot cultures were initiated from seeds, established as permanent cultures and cultivated on agar-solidified or in liquid medium. Shoot cultures maintained on solid medium contained an average of about 6 μmol cardenolides g-1 dw. A relatively high proportion of digitoxigenin was found in two-thirds of the shoot cultures examined. The cardenolide content of amphibian shoot cultures averaged to about 1 μmol g-1 dw. Plants regenerated from shoot cultures and maintained under hydroponic conditions accumulated the same amount of cardenolides as plants collected in the field. No cardenolides could be detected in callus cultures. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart.

FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Kreis, Wolfgang Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Pharmazeutische Biologie

How to cite

Schaller, F., & Kreis, W. (2006). Cardenolide genin pattern in Isoplexis plants and shoot cultures. Planta Medica, 72(12), 1149-1156.

Schaller, Frank, and Wolfgang Kreis. "Cardenolide genin pattern in Isoplexis plants and shoot cultures." Planta Medica 72.12 (2006): 1149-1156.


Last updated on 2018-30-06 at 16:23