Internal stratigraphic relationships in the Etendeka Group in the Huab Basin, NW Namibia: Understanding the onset of flood volcanism.

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift
(Originalarbeit)


Details zur Publikation

Autor(en): Jerram DA, Mountney N, Holzförster F, Stollhofen H
Zeitschrift: Journal of Geodynamics
Verlag: Elsevier
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 1999
Heftnummer: 28
Seitenbereich: 393-418
ISSN: 0264-3707
Sprache: Englisch


Abstract


The Etendeka Igneous Province in NW Namibia forms the eastern most extent of the Parana-Etendeka Flood Basalt Province and, despite only covering about 5% of the Parana-Etendeka, has been the focus of much interest, due to its extremely well exposed nature. The Huab Basin in NW Namibia forms the focus of this study, and formed a connected basin with the Parana throughout Karoo times (late Palaeozoic) into the Lower Cretaceous. It contains a condensed section of the Karoo deposits, which indicate early periods of extension, and Lower Cretaceous aeolian and volcanic Etendeka deposits, which have their correlatives in the Parana. In the Huab Basin, the volcanic rocks of the Etendeka Group consists of the Awahab and Tafelberg Formations, which are separated by a disconformity. Detailed examination of the Awahab Formation reveals an additional disconformity, which separates olivine-phyric basalts (Tafelkop-type) from basalt/basaltic andesites (Tafelberg-type) marking out a shield volcanic feature which is concentrated in an area to the SE of the Huab River near to the Doros igneous centre. Early volcanism consisted of pahoehoe style flows of limited lateral extent, which spilled out onto aeolian sands of an active aeolian sand sea 133 million years ago. This sand sea is equivalent to the sands making up the Botucatu Formation in the Parana basin. The early expression of flood volcanism was that of laterally discontinuous, limited volume, pahoehoe flows of Tafelkop-type geochemistry, which interleaved with the aeolian sands forming the Tafelkop-Interdune Member basalts. These basalts are on-lapped by more voluminous, laterally extensive, basalt/basaltic andesite flows indicating a step-up in the volume and rate of flood volcanism, leading to the preservation of the shield volcanic feature. These geochemically distinct basalts/basaltic andesites form the Tsuhasis Member, which are interbeded with the Goboboseb and Sprinkbok quartz latite flows higher in the section. The Tsuhasis Member basalts, which form the upper parts of the Awahab Formation, are of Tafelberg-type geochemistry, but are stratigraphically distinct from the Tafelberg lavas, which are found in the Tafelberg Formation above. Thus, the internal stratigraphy of the flood basalt province contains palaeo-volcanic features, such as shield volcanoes, and other disconformities and is not that of a simple layer-cake model. This complex internal architecture indicates that flood volcanism started sporadically, with low volume pahoehoe flows of limited lateral extent, before establishing the more common large volume flows typical of the main lava pile.



FAU-Autoren / FAU-Herausgeber

Stollhofen, Harald Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Geologie (Exogene Dynamik)


Autor(en) der externen Einrichtung(en)
Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg
The University of Liverpool
University of Oslo


Zitierweisen

APA:
Jerram, D.A., Mountney, N., Holzförster, F., & Stollhofen, H. (1999). Internal stratigraphic relationships in the Etendeka Group in the Huab Basin, NW Namibia: Understanding the onset of flood volcanism. Journal of Geodynamics, 28, 393-418. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0264-3707(99)00018-6

MLA:
Jerram, Dougal A., et al. "Internal stratigraphic relationships in the Etendeka Group in the Huab Basin, NW Namibia: Understanding the onset of flood volcanism." Journal of Geodynamics 28 (1999): 393-418.

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