Automated analysis of SKS splitting to infer upper mantle anisotropy beneath Germany using more than 20 yr of GRSN and GRF data

Journal article
(Original article)


Publication Details

Author(s): Walther M, Plenefisch T, Rümpker G
Journal: Geophysical Journal International
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy P - Oxford Open Option A
Publication year: 2013
Volume: 196
Journal issue: 2
Pages range: 1207-1236
ISSN: 0956-540X


Abstract


Upper mantle anisotropy beneath Germany is investigated through the measurements and analysis of shear-wave splitting using SKS phases. We analysed teleseismic events recorded by 24 broadband stations of the German Regional Seismic Network (GRSN) and three broadband stations of the Gr̈afenberg-Array (GRF). These permanent German networks cover an area extending from the Alps in the south up to the Northern German basin towards north. In comparison to several former studies that are based either on short observation periods or that are restricted to limited areas of Germany, we resort to 22 yr of the GRSN (1991-2012) and 34 yr of GRF data archive (1979-2012). Due to the huge amount of data, we applied a fully automatic procedure to determine SKS splitting parameters from archived recordings and also applied strong quality constraints to obtain reliable solutions. From our analysis, two main features are obvious: For the stations in the middle and southern part of Germany we found homogeneous E-W to ENE-WSW fast-axis directions. In contrast, stations in NE-Germany exhibit a NW-SE oriented fast axis. Both findings can be correlated to major tectonic features in Central Europe. The E-W to ENE-WSW orientations in the middle and southern part of Germany are nearly parallel to the strike of the Variscan mountain belts, whereas the NW-SE direction in NE-Germany corresponds to the orientation of the nearby Tornquist-Teisseyre suture zone. For the southern part of Germany, there are indications for an alignment of the fast axis parallel to the curvature of the nearby Alps. Apart from the more large-scale features there are two stations (BFO and CLZ) which seem to have an imprint related to the regional geodynamic setting, namely the rifting in the Southern Rhine Graben and the formation of the Harz Mountains, respectively. We conclude that the observed regional variations of splitting parameter over Germany advocate for a mostly lithospheric route of the anisotropy. Furthermore, variations of the splitting parameters with respect to the azimuths of the incoming waves, as observed at some stations, point to vertical varying anisotropy. For some stations (BFO, RUE) the inversions for two anisotropic layers revealed directions of the fast axes that are similar to the strike directions of the surrounding tectonic units. For other stations, the confidence regions are too large for a tectonic interpretation. © The Authors 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society.




External institutions
Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (BGR)
Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main


How to cite

APA:
Walther, M., Plenefisch, T., & Rümpker, G. (2013). Automated analysis of SKS splitting to infer upper mantle anisotropy beneath Germany using more than 20 yr of GRSN and GRF data. Geophysical Journal International, 196(2), 1207-1236. https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggt456

MLA:
Walther, Marcus, Thomas Plenefisch, and Georg Rümpker. "Automated analysis of SKS splitting to infer upper mantle anisotropy beneath Germany using more than 20 yr of GRSN and GRF data." Geophysical Journal International 196.2 (2013): 1207-1236.

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Last updated on 2019-09-04 at 14:50