When and why do individuals craft their jobs? The role of individual motivation and work characteristics for job crafting

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Niessen C, Weseler D, Kostova P
Journal: Human Relations
Publication year: 2016
Journal issue: 69
Pages range: 1287-1313
ISSN: 1741-282X


Abstract


As a proactive behavior, job crafting refers to changes in the task (cognitive, and behavioral) and social boundaries at work. This article focuses on antecedents of job crafting and the development and validation of a job crafting scale. In Study 1 (N = 466), an exploratory factor analysis with one half of the sample (n = 233) and a confirmatory factor analysis with the other half (n = 233) supported a three-dimensional structure of job crafting (task crafting, relational crafting and cognitive crafting), and convergent as well as discriminant validity of job crafting, in relation to personal initiative and organizational citizenship behavior. In Study 2 (N = 118, two points of measurement), we cross-validated the measure and demonstrated that job crafting was related to, yet distinct from, taking charge. We found that an increase in job crafting at Time 2 was predicted by need for positive self-image (Time 1), as well as by work experience (Time 1). Need for human connection (Time 1) was related to job crafting at Time 2 when self-efficacy was high. Moreover, there was evidence that job crafting as self-oriented behavior related positively to person–job fit. Implications for future research are discussed.



FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Niessen, Cornelia Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Psychologie im Arbeitsleben
Weseler, Daniela
Lehrstuhl für Psychologie im Arbeitsleben


External institutions with authors

Universität Konstanz


Research Fields

Adaptive human behavior in the context of changes at work
Lehrstuhl für Psychologie im Arbeitsleben


How to cite

APA:
Niessen, C., Weseler, D., & Kostova, P. (2016). When and why do individuals craft their jobs? The role of individual motivation and work characteristics for job crafting. Human Relations, 69, 1287-1313. https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0018726715610642

MLA:
Niessen, Cornelia, Daniela Weseler, and Petya Kostova. "When and why do individuals craft their jobs? The role of individual motivation and work characteristics for job crafting." Human Relations 69 (2016): 1287-1313.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2018-11-08 at 02:46